Advertisement

Group Psychotherapy with Gay Men

Theoretical and Clinical Considerations
  • Robert D. Schwartz
  • Norman B. Hartstein
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)

Abstract

In this chapter we will describe our clinical experiences in leading therapy groups whose members were gay men who were outpatients in a general psychiatric clinic. One hundred thirty-six men have been seen in four ongoing groups conducted over a period of five years. A review of the literature will be followed by theoretical considerations with reference to self-psychology theory as it pertains to the gay experience. Clinical material will be presented to illustrate these concepts. The authors conclude that treatment groups, composed of men who identify themselves as gay, can be a valuable and potent therapeutic modality.

Keywords

Sexual Orientation Group Psychotherapy Male Homosexual Homosexual Behavior Narcissistic Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bieber, I., et al. (1962). Homosexuality: A psychoanalytic study of male homosexuals. New York: Basic Books.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bieber, T. (1971). Group therapy with homosexuals. In H. Kaplan and B. J. Sadock (Eds.), Comprehensive group psychotherapy. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  3. Bieber, T. (1974). Group and individual psychotherapy with male homosexuals. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 2, 255–260.Google Scholar
  4. Birk, L. (1974). Group psychotherapy for men who are homosexual. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 1, 29–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Birk, L. (1980). The myth of classical homosexuality: Views of a behavioral psychotherapist. In J. Marmor (Ed.), Homosexual behavior: A modern reappraisal. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  6. Birk, L., Miller, E., and Cohler, B. (1970). Group psychotherapy for homosexual men by male-female cotherapists. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Supp., 218, 9–38.Google Scholar
  7. Blumstein, P., and Schwartz, P. (1983). American couples. New York: William Morrow.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, D. (1977). Loving someone gay. New York: New American Library.Google Scholar
  9. Conlin, D., and Smith, J. (1982). Group psychotherapy. In J. C. Gonsiorek (Ed.), Homosexuality and psychotherapy: A practitioner’s handbook of affirmative models. New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  10. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). (1980). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  11. Eliasberg, W. G. (1954). Group treatment of homosexuals on probation. Group Psychotherapy, 4, 218–226.Google Scholar
  12. Finney, J. C. (1960). Homosexuality treated by combined psychotherapy. Journal of Social Therapy, 6, 27–34.Google Scholar
  13. Guttmacher, J. A., and Birk, L. (1971). Group therapy: What specific advantages? Comparative Psychiatry, 12, 546–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hadden, S. B. (1958). Treatment of homosexuality by individual and group psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 114, 810–815.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Hadden, S. B. (1966). Treatment of male homosexuals in groups. International Journal of Group Therapy, 16, 13–22.Google Scholar
  16. Hadden, S. B. (1968). Group psychotherapy for sexual maladjustments. American Journal of Psychiatry, 125, 327–332.Google Scholar
  17. Hadden, S. B. (1971). Group therapy for homosexuals. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 5, 116–127.Google Scholar
  18. Kadis, A., et al. (1963). A practicum of group psychotherapy. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  19. Kadis, A., et al. (1974). Practicum of group psychotherapy. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  20. Litman, R. E. (1961). Psychotherapy of a homosexual man in a heterosexual group. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 11, 440–448.Google Scholar
  21. Mintz, E. E. (1966). Overt male homosexuals in combined group and individual treatment. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30, 193–198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Munzer, J. (1965). Treatment of the homosexual in group psychotherapy. Topical Problems of Psychotherapy, 5, 164–169.Google Scholar
  23. Nobler, H. (1972). Group therapy with male homosexuals. Comparative Group Studies, 3, 161–178.Google Scholar
  24. Pittman, F. S., and DeYoung, C. D. (1971). The treatment of homosexuals in heterogeneous groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 21, 62–73.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Powdermaker, F. B., and Frank, J. D. (1953). Group psychotherapy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Russell, A., and Winkler, R. (1977). Evaluation of assertive training and homosexual guidance service groups designed to improve homosexual functioning. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45, 1–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Saghir, M. R., and Robins, E. (1980). Clinical aspects of female homosexuality. In J. Marmor (Ed.), Homosexual behavior: A modern reappraisal. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  28. Singer, M., and Fischer, R. (1967). Group psychotherapy of male homosexuals by a male and female co-therapy team. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 17, 44–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Slayson, S. R. (1964). A textbook of analytic group psychotherapy. New York: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  30. Smith, A. B., and Bassin, A. (1959). Group therapy with homosexuals. Journal of Social Therapy, 5, 225–232.Google Scholar
  31. Thomson, P. G. (1958). The forensic clinic at Toronto. Journal of Social Therapy, 4, 96–103.Google Scholar
  32. Yalom, I. (1975). The theory and practice of group psychotherapy. ( 2nd ed. ). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert D. Schwartz
    • 1
  • Norman B. Hartstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Southern California Permanente Medical GroupLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUniversity of California at Los AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations