Trial by Jury: An Outmoded Relic?
The system and use of the jury was originated as a protection against the despotism of kings and frequently has been acclaimed the “palladium of our liberties.”1 Recent statistics have indicated, however, that over a period of years juries have been used to a decreasing extent, and that increasingly convictions in criminal cases are obtained on the basis of a guilty plea. To substantiate this, it has been stated that 86 percent of convictions in trial courts were on a plea of guilty, six percent were so adjudicated by the finding of a court acting as jury, while only eight percent were determined by a jury finding of guilt.2
KeywordsTrial Court Communal Court Guilty Plea Jury Verdict Prospective Juror
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