Advertisement

Miller’s Indices and Consumer-Choice Profiles

Status-Related Behaviors and White Ceramics
  • Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood

Abstract

A major area of research in archaeology is concerned with the connections between artifact patterns and sociocultural behavior patterns. Since Binford considered “the study and establishment of correlations between types of social structure classified on the basis of behavioral attributes and structural types of material elements as one of the major areas of anthropological research yet to be developed” (Binford 1962:219), archaeologists have increasingly studied relationships between social and economic stratification and artifact attribute patterns (Flannery and Coe 1968; Hill 1968; Hoffman 1974; Sanders and Webster 1978; Watson 1978). A growing body of research in historical archaeology has contributed analyses of artifact attributes that have been related to social and economic status of site residents (Deagan 1982:164–165, 1983; Drucker 1981; Geismar 1982; Mudar 1978; Otto 1984; Poe 1979; Singer 1985; Schulz and Gust 1983). Miller (1980) recently developed ceramic price scaling indices to measure the mean value of whiteware decorative types in a site ceramic assemblage. Because the attribute of decoration affected whiteware prices, it was hypothesized to be related to socioeconomic status. This research is concerned with the effects of alternative methods for testing the hypothesized relationship between Miller’s indices and household participation in consumer behaviors of socioeconomic groups. Perhaps most importantly, a refinement in the use of Miller’s indices is proposed, called a consumer choice profile, that involves the analysis of archaeological patterns of whiteware decorative type values in an archaeological assemblage.

Keywords

Historical Archaeology Vessel Count Body Sherd Sherd Count Site Assemblage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, William H., 1976, Trade Networks and Interaction Spheres—A View from Silcott, Historical Archaeology 10:99–112.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Terry L., 1979, Economic Growth in Colonial New England: “Statistical Renaissance,” Journal of Economic History 39(1):243–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baker, V. G., 1980, Archaeological Visibility of Afro-American Culture: An Example from Black Lucy’s Garden, Andover, Massachusetts, in: Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America (R. L. Schuyler, ed.), Baywood Publishing, New York, pp. 29–37.Google Scholar
  4. Barth, Earnest A. T., and Watson, Walter B., 1967, Social Stratification and the Family in Mass Society, Social Forces 45:392–402.Google Scholar
  5. Baugher, S., 1982, Hoboken Hollow: A 19th Century Worker’s Housing Site, Northeast Historical Archaeology 11:26–38.Google Scholar
  6. Binford, Lewis R., 1962, Archaeology as Anthropology, American Antiquity 28:217–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clarke, David L., 1978, Analytical Archaeology, Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Collard, E., 1984, Nineteenth Century Pottery and Porcelain in Canada, McGill University Press, Montreal.Google Scholar
  9. Cook, L., 1982, Appendix G: Adaptation of Miller’s Economic Index for 19th Century Ceramics to the Jere Tabor and Jillson House Sites, in: Morenon, P. E., Cook, L., Callahan, K., Huntington, J., Kroian, C., LaCroix, D., and Stachiw, M., Archaeological Excavations at the Jere Tabor House Site, Triverton, Rhode Island, Public Archaeology Program at Rhode Island College, occasional paper in Anthropology and Geography 9.Google Scholar
  10. Deagan, Kathleen, 1982, Avenues of Inquiry in Historical Archaeology, Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 5:151–178.Google Scholar
  11. Deagan, Kathleen, 1983, Spanish St. Augustine: The Archaeology of a Colonial Creole Community, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  12. De Cunzo, L. A., 1982, Households, Economics and Ethnicity in Paterson’s Dublin, 1829–1915: The Van Houten Street Parking Lot Block, Northeast Historical Archaeology 11:9–25.Google Scholar
  13. Douglas, M., and Isherwood, B., 1979, The World of Goods, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Drucker, Lesley M., 1981, Socioeconomic Patterning at an Undocumented Late 18th Century Lowcountry Site: Spiers Landing, South Carolina, Historical Archaeology 15(2):58–68.Google Scholar
  15. Dusenberry, J. S., 1971, Income-Consumption Relations and their Implications, in: Readings in Macroeconomics (M. G. Mueller, ed.), Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, pp. 61–76.Google Scholar
  16. Dyson, S. L., 1982, Material Culture, Social Structure, and Changing Cultural Values: The Ceramics of Eighteenth-and Nineteenth-Century Middletown, Connecticut, in: Archaeology of Urban America (R. S. Dickens, Jr., ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 361–380.Google Scholar
  17. Edwards, Alba M., 1939, A Social Economic Grouping of the Gainful Workers of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  18. Engel, James F., Blackwell, Roger D., and Kollat, David T., 1978, Consumer behavior, Dryden Press, Hinsdale, Illinois.Google Scholar
  19. Exnicios, J. M., and Pearson, Charles, 1984, Nineteenth Century New Orleans: Variability and Pattern in the Archaeological Record, paper presented at the 17th Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Williamsburg.Google Scholar
  20. Felton, David L., and Schulz, Peter D., 1983, The Diaz Collection: Material Culture and Social Change in Mid-Nineteenth Century Monterey, California Archaeological Report 23, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Sacramento.Google Scholar
  21. Flannery, Kent V., and Coe, Michael D., 1968, Social and Economic Systems in Formative Meso-america, in New Perspectives in Archaeology (S. R. Binford and L. R. Binford, eds.), Aldine Publishing, Chicago, pp. 103–142.Google Scholar
  22. Geismar, J. H., 1982, The Archaeology of Social Disintegration in Skunk Hollow, A Nineteenth-Century Rural Black Community, Academic, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Heilbroner, R. L., 1970, The Economic Problem, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  24. Herman, Lynne L., Sands, John O., and Schecter, Daniel, 1973, Ceramics in St. Mary’s County. Maryland During the 1840’s: A Socioeconomic Study, The Conference on Historic Site Archaeology Papers 8:52–93.Google Scholar
  25. Hershberg, Theodore, and Dockhorn, Robert, 1976, Occupational Classification, Historical Methods Newsletter 9:59–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hill, James N., 1968, Broken K. Pueblo: Prehistoric Social Organization in the American Southwest, Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona No. 18.Google Scholar
  27. Hodges, Harold M., 1964, Social Stratification: Class in America, Schenkman Publishing, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  28. Hoffman, M. A., 1974, The Social Context of Trash Disposal in an Early Dynastic Egyptian Town, American Antiquity 39:35–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kahl, Joseph A., and Davis, James A., 1955, A Comparison of Indexes of Socio-economic Status, American Sociological Review 20:317–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Katz, Michael B., 1972, Occupational Classification in History, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 3:63–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Laumann, Edward O., and House, James S., 1970, Living Room Styles and Social Attributes: The Patterning of Material Artifacts in a Modern Urban Community, Sociology and Social Research 54:321–324.Google Scholar
  32. MAR: City of Milton, 1914, Report of the Board of Health, in 77th Annual Report of Milton Town Report for the Year Ending December 31. 1913, Poole, Boston.Google Scholar
  33. Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics of Labor, 1875, Public Document #31: Sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics of Labor, Wright & Potter, State Printers, Boston.Google Scholar
  34. Martineau, Pierre, 1958, Social Classes and Spending behavior, Journal of Marketing 23:121–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McBride, K. A., and McBride, S. W., 1983, An Examination of Status from Two Perspectives, in: Oral, Historical, Documentary and Archaeological Investigations of Barton and Vinton, Mississippi: An Interim Report on Phase II of the Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project (C. E. Cleland and K. A. McBride, eds.), submitted by Anthropology Divison, Michigan State University, to National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Region, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  36. Miller, George L., 1980, Classification and Economic Scaling of 19th Century Ceramics, Historical Archaeology 14:1–41.Google Scholar
  37. Miller, George L., 1984, George M. Coates, Pottery Merchant of Philadelphia, Winterthur Portfolio 19:37–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Miller, George L., and Hurry, Silas D., 1983, Ceramic Supply in an Economically Isolated Frontier Community: Portage County of the Ohio Western Reserve, 1800–1825, Historical Archaeology 17(2):80–92.Google Scholar
  39. Milton Record, 1915, Regulation #25 of the Milton Board of Health, April 10, 1915, p. 4.Google Scholar
  40. Morenon, P. E., Cook, L., Callahan, K., Huntington, J., Kroian, C., LaCroix, D., and Stachiw, M., 1982, Archaeological Excavations at the Jere Tabor House Site, Triverton, Rhode Island, Public Archaeology Program at Rhode Island College, occasional paper in Anthropology and Geography 9.Google Scholar
  41. Mudar, K., 1978, The Effects of Socio-cultural Variables on Food Preferences in 19th Century Detroit, The Conference on Historic Sites Archaeology Papers 12:323–391.Google Scholar
  42. Myers, James H., and Mount, John F., 1973. More on Social Class vs. Income as Correlates of Buying behavior, Journal of Marketing, 37:71–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. NCRD (Norfolk County, Massachusetts, Registry of Deeds), 1793–1945, Grantors and Grantees Books, Deed Books.Google Scholar
  44. NCRPI (Norfolk County, Massachusetts, Registry of Probate) 1804–1904, Probate Inventories for Quincy.Google Scholar
  45. Nystrom, Paul H., 1929, Economic Principles of Consumption, New York, Ronald Press.Google Scholar
  46. Otto, John S., 1977, Artifacts and Status Differences: A Comparison of Ceramics from Planter, Overseer and Slave Sites on an Antebellum Plantation, in: Research Strategies in Historical Archaeology (S. South, ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 91–118.Google Scholar
  47. Otto, John S., 1984, Cannon’s Point Plantation, 1794–1860: Living Conditions and Status Patterns in the Old South, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  48. Peterson, Willis L., 1977, Principles of Economics: Micro, Richard D. Irwin, Homewood, Illinois.Google Scholar
  49. Poe, C., 1979, The Manifestation of Status in 18th Century Criollo Culture in Colonial St. Augustine, paper presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology Meetings, Nashville, Tennessee.Google Scholar
  50. QAR, City of Quincy, 1900, Board of Health Report, in: City of Quincy Annual Report for the Year Ending 1900: City Document #12, The Advertiser Steam Job Print, Quincy.Google Scholar
  51. QAR, City of Quincy, 1925, Report of the Department of Health, in: Report of the City of Quincy for 1925: City Document #37, E. L. Grimes Printing Co., Boston.Google Scholar
  52. QD (Quincy Directory), 1868, The Dorchester and Quincy Directory for 1868–1869, Dudley and Greenough, Boston.Google Scholar
  53. QD, 1870, The Weymouth, Quincy, and Braintree Directory for 1870–1871, D. Dudley, Boston.Google Scholar
  54. QD, 1873, The Weymouth, Quincy, and Braintree Directory for 1873–1874, D. Dudley, Boston.Google Scholar
  55. QD, 1876, The Quincy, Weymouth, and Braintree Directory for 1876–1877, C. W. Calkins, Boston.Google Scholar
  56. QD, 1878, The Quincy, Weymouth, and Braintree Directory for 1878–1879, C. W. Calkins, Boston.Google Scholar
  57. QD, 1882, Quincy Directory’ for 1882–1883, Green and Prescott, Quincy.Google Scholar
  58. ia]QD, 1888, 1888–1889 Directory and History, Quincy, Massachusetts, W. F. Richardson, S. Framingham.Google Scholar
  59. QD, 1891, The Quincy Directory, W. A. Greenough, Boston.Google Scholar
  60. QD, 1893, The Quincy Directory, 1893, E. B. Butterfield, Ayer.Google Scholar
  61. QD, 1895, The Quincy Directory, W. A. Greenough, Boston.Google Scholar
  62. QD, 1897, The Quincy Directory, 1897, W. A. Greenough: Boston.Google Scholar
  63. QD, 1900, The Quincy Directory, W. A. Greenough, Boston.Google Scholar
  64. QD, 1904, The Quincy Directory, W. A. Greenough: Boston.Google Scholar
  65. QD, 1911, The Quincy Directory, W. A. Greenough, Boston.Google Scholar
  66. Reissman, Leonard, 1959, Class in American Society, Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  67. Riordan, Timothy B., 1981, Commodity Flow Relationships from National Market to the Local Community: Case Studies from Northeastern Mississippi, paper presented at the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  68. Riordan, Timothy B., and Adams, William H., 1985, Commodity Flows and National Market Access, Historical Archaeology 19(2):5–18.Google Scholar
  69. Robinson, E., 1888, Robinson’s Atlas of Norfolk County, Massachusetts Compiled from Official Records, Private Plans and Actual Surveys, E. Robinson, New York.Google Scholar
  70. Sanders, William T., and Webster, David, 1978, Unilinealism, Multilinealism, and the Evolution of Complex Societies, in: Social Archaeology: Beyond Subsistence and Dating (C. L. Redman, W. T. Langhorne, Jr., M. J. Berman, E. V. Curtin, N. M. Versaggi, and J. C. Wanser, eds.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  71. Schiffer, Michael B., 1976, Behavioral Archeology, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  72. Schulz, Peter D., and Gust, Sherri M., 1983, Faunal Remains and Social Status in 19th Century Sacramento, Historical Archaeology 17(1):44–53.Google Scholar
  73. Schuyler, Robert L., 1980a, Sandy Ground and Archaeology of a 19th Century Oystering Village, in: Archaeological Perspectives in Ethnicity in America (Robert L. Schuyler, ed.), Baywood Publishing, New York, pp. 48–59.Google Scholar
  74. Schuyler, Robert L., 1980b, Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America, Baywood Publishing, New York.Google Scholar
  75. Sherman, W. A., 1876, Atlas of Norfolk County, Massachusetts from Recent and Actual Surveys and Records, Comstock & Cline, New York.Google Scholar
  76. Singer, David A., 1985, The Use of Fish Remains as A Socio-Economic Measure: An Example from 19th Century New England, Historical Archaeology 19(2):110–113.Google Scholar
  77. Smith, Daniel S., 1975, Underregistration and Bias in Probate Records: An Analysis of Data from Eighteenth-Century Hingham, Massachusetts, William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., 32:100–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Spencer-Wood, S., 1979, The National American Market in Historical Archaeology: Urban Versus Rural Perspectives, in: Ecological Anthropology of the Middle Connecticut River Valley (R. Paynter, ed.), Research Report 18, Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, pp. 117–128.Google Scholar
  79. Spencer-Wood, S., 1984, Status, Occupation, and Ceramic Indices: A Nineteenth Century Comparative Analysis, Man in the Northeast 28:87–110.Google Scholar
  80. Spencer-Wood, S., and Riley, Julian A., 1981, The Development of an Urban Socio-economic Model for Archaeological Testing, Northeast Historical Archaeology 10:41–51.Google Scholar
  81. USFCQ (United States Census Bureau) 1850, Seventh Census of the U.S.: Manuscript Population Schedules or Quincy, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  82. Walker, George H., 1896, Atlas of the Town of Milton, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, George H. Walker, Boston.Google Scholar
  83. Walling, H. F., 1857, Map of the Town of Quincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, H. F. Walling.Google Scholar
  84. Warner, W. Lloyd, with Meeker, Marchia, and Eells, Kenneth, 1960, Social Class in America: A Manual of Procedure for the Measurement of Social Status, Harper & Row, New York.Google Scholar
  85. Watson, Patty Jo, 1978, Architectural Differentiation in Some Near Eastern Communities, Prehistoric and Contemporary, in Social Archaeology: Beyond Subsistence and Dating (C. L. Redman, W. T. Langhorne, Jr., M. J. Berman, E. V. Curtin, N. M. Versaggi, and J. C. Wanser, eds.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of MassachusettsBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations