An Integrative Perspective
  • Adele M. Hayes
  • Cory F. Newman


Unipolar depression is one of the most prevalent of the major psychiatric disorders. Epidemiological studies estimate that one in five people in the United States will experience an episode of depression sufficient to warrant treatment (Weissman & Myers, 1978) and 3% to 5% of the general population will require hospitalization (Craighead, Kennedy, Raczynski, & Dow, 1984). Depression is a serious and recurrent disorder that can cause immense suffering and carries with it a suicide risk that is 30 times greater than that of the general population (Guze & Robins, 1970). The challenge in the treatment of depression is not only to relieve the client’s/patient’s suffering, but also to prevent its recurrence.


Beck Depression Inventory Personality Disorder Social Integration Cognitive Therapy Marital Satisfaction 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adele M. Hayes
    • 1
  • Cory F. Newman
    • 2
  1. 1.Affective Disorders ProgramDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive TherapyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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