Constructs of the Mind in Mental Health and Psychotherapy

  • Richard S. Lazarus


Some years ago, when I was thinking about cognitive appraisal as the central process in emotion, I realized that the cognitive revolution in psychology did not create new constructs with which to understand the human mind but only changed the definition and arrangement of old constructs. The basic theoretical constructs have always consisted of motivation, emotion, and cognition. In an interesting discussion of the origins of faculty psychology, Hilgard (1980) questions whether this “trilogy of mind” describes fundamental faculties or is merely a convenient classification of mental activities. To the trilogy we must add two other fundamental concepts, namely actions and the environmental stimulus array, making a total of five concepts to juggle in our theories.


American Psychologist Cognitive Activity Cognitive Therapy Cognitive Appraisal Coping Process 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard S. Lazarus
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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