Cognitive therapy has been influenced by a variety of theories of psychopathology and the process of therapy. At the theoretical level, it has been primarily influenced by three sources: (1) the phenomenological approach to psychology, (2) structural theory and depth psychology, and (3) cognitive psychology. The “phenomenological” approach to psychology is rooted in Greek Stoic philosophy. It maintains that one’s view of self and one’s personal world largely determine behavior. This concept appears in Kant’s (1798) emphasis on conscious subjective experience and in the more contemporary writings of Adler (1936), Alexander (1950), Homey (1950), and Sullivan (1953).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron T. Beck
    • 1
  • Marjorie Weishaar
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Cognitive Therapy, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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