The Bony Fish

Class: Osteichthyes
  • Jessica H. Lewis


The bony fish evolved in the late Silurian—early Devonian Age, about 300 MYA. Their ossified fossil remains show incredible diversity that continues today in the 35,000–40,000 species extant. There are more species of living fish than of all other vertebrates combined. With a rare peculiar exception, each species is subtly different from the next and can breed only within its own natural group.


Bleeding Time Bony Fish Fish Blood Clot Retraction Arctic Grayling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blaxhall, P. C., and Daisley, K. W., 1973, Routine haematological methods for use with fish blood, J. Fish Biol. 5: 771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Eisler, R., 1965, Erythrocyte counts and emoglobin content in nine species of marine teleosts, Chesapeake Sci. 6: 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hall, F. G., and Gray, I. E., 1929, The haemoglobin concentration of the blood of marine fishes, J. Biol. Chem. 81: 589.Google Scholar
  4. Jara, Z., 1957, The blood coagulation system in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), Zool. Pol. 8: 113.Google Scholar
  5. Katz, M., and Southward, M., 1950, Blood clotting time in spent silver salmon, Oncarhyncus kisutch (Walbaum), Copeia 2: 150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Langdell, R. D., Bryan, F. T., and Gibson, W. S., Jr., 1965, Coagulation of catfish blood, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 118: 439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Macnab, H. C., and Ronald, K., 1965, Blood clotting time of the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 22: 1299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. NoIf, P., 1906, La coagulation du sang des poissons, Arch Int. Physiol. 4: 216.Google Scholar
  9. Zunz, E., 1933, Contribution a l’étude de la coagulation du sang chez les poissons, Arch. Int. Physiol. 37: 282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Suggested ReadingsGoogle Scholar
  11. Cannon, M. S., Mollenhauer, M. H., Eurell, T. E., Lewis, D. H., Cannon, A. M., and Tompkins, C., 1980, An ultrastructural study of the leukocytes of the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, J. Morphol. 164:1.Google Scholar
  12. Catton, W. T., 1951, Blood cell formation in certain teleost fishes, Blood 6: 39.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Conroy, D. A., and Rodriguez, L., 1966, Erythrocyte measurements of some Argentine fishes, Prog. Fish Cult. 28: 46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Doolittle, R. F., and Surgenor, D. M., 1962, Blood coagulation in fish, Am. J. Physiol. 203: 964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Engle, R. L., Jr., Woods, K. R., Paulsen, E. C., and Pert, J. H., 1958, Plasma cells and serum proteins in marine fish, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 98: 905.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Field, J. B., Elvehjem, C. A., and Juday, C., 1943, A study of blood constituents of carp and trout, J. Biol. Cheni. 148: 261.Google Scholar
  17. Hougie, C., 1972, Coagulation changes in healthy and sick Pacific salmon, in: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Vol. 22, Comparative Pathophysiology of Circulatory Disturbances ( L. M. Bloor, ed.), p. 89, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Kaname, S., 1954, Biochemical studies on fish blood. I. On elements of blood coagulation and coagulation time, Bull. Jpn. Soc. Fish 19: 1139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kisch, B., 1949, Hemoglobin content, size, and amount of erythrocytes in fishes, Exp. Med. Surg. 7: 118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Lepkovsky, S., 1930, Distribution of serum and plasma proteins in fish, J. Biol. Chem. 85: 667.Google Scholar
  21. Murtaugh, P. A., Halver, J. E., and Gladner, J. A., 1973, Cross-linking of salmon fibrinogen and fibrin by factor XIII and transglutaminase, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 54: 849.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pilos, C., and Guise, J. V., 1962, A contribution to the investigation on coagulation of blood of carp, Acta Hydrobiol. 4: 413.Google Scholar
  23. Ronald, K., 1965, Blood clotting time of the Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 22: 1299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Saunders, D. C., 1968, Variations in thrombocytes and small lymphocytes found in the circulating blood of marine fishes, Trans. Am. Microscoc. Soc. 87: 39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Smith, A. C., 1980, Formation of lethal blood clots in fishes, J. Fish Biol. 16: 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Smith, H. W., 1929, The composition of the body fluids of goosefish (Lophius piscatoriu.$), J. Biol. Chem. 82: 71.Google Scholar
  27. Srivastava, A. K., 1969, Studies of the hematology of certain fresh water telcosts. 5. Thrombocytes and the clotting of blood, Anat. Anz. 124: 368.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Weinreb, E. L., 1963, Studies on the fine structure of teleost blood cells. 1. Peripheral blood, Anat. Rec. 147: 219.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wolf, K., 1959, Plasmaptysis and gelation of erythrocytes in coagulation of blood of freshwater bony fishes, Blood 14: 1339.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica H. Lewis
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Central Blood BankPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations