Behavioral, Emotional, and Attitudinal Effects of Commuting
Investigators from disparate disciplines have employed various techniques to examine the behavioral and psychological effects of commuting. Traditionally, commuting time or distance has been viewed as an independent variable that is accompanied by or produces various effects or outcomes on the individual which, in turn, impact the organization. This linkage between the individual and the organization is a fundamental assumption of the negative repercussions resulting from commuting to work. Recent work has also focused on the family environmental consequences of the trip home (Novaco et al., 1991).
KeywordsCovariance Transportation Cortisol Assure Toll
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