Colorimetric Measurement, Calibration, and Characterization of Self-Luminous Displays

  • David L. Post
Part of the Defense Research Series book series (DRSS, volume 3)


This chapter discusses methods and equipment for measuring, calibrating, and characterizing the color of self-luminous color displays. The basic measurement methodology that is used almost universally today is that which was introduced as the international standard by the CIE in 1931. Since that time, the CIE has made occasional, minor modifications that have necessitated periodic revisions in its published recommendations. Currently, the authoritative reference is CIE (1986). Calibration and characterization techniques, on the other hand, are not well standardized at the moment. Although some conventions exist, the development of proper procedures is still the subject of both debate and research.


White Point Permanent Magnetic Field Piecewise Linear Interpolation Screen Position Color Research 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brainard, D.H. (1989). Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor. Color Research and Application, 14, 23–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. CIE (1986). Colorimetry (2nd ed., Publication CIE No. 15. 2 ). Paris: Author.Google Scholar
  3. CIE (1990). Colorimetry of self-luminous displays-a bibliography (Publication CIE No. 87 ). Vienna: Author.Google Scholar
  4. Cowan, W.B. (1983). An inexpensive scheme for calibration of a colour monitor in terms of CIE standard coordinates. Computer Graphics, 17, 315–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cowan, W.B. (1985). CIE calibration of video monitors. (Available from National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A OR6, Canada.)Google Scholar
  6. Cowan, W.B., Rowell, N. (1986). On the gun independence and phosphor constancy of colour video monitors. Color Research and Application, 11 (Supplement), 34–38.Google Scholar
  7. Engeldrum, P.G., Ingraham, J.L. (1990). Analysis of white point and phosphor set differences of CRT displays. Color Research and Application, 15, 151–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Farley, W.W. (1987, July). Design and testing of a luminance and chrominance stabilization system for a computer-controlled display (Tech. Report 87–027 ). Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Armstrong Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory.Google Scholar
  9. Farley, W.W., Gutmann, J.C. ( 1980, August). Digital image processing systems and an approach to the display of colors of specified chrominance (Tech. Report HFL-802/ONR-80). Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.Google Scholar
  10. Gutmann, J.C., Rogers, S.P. (1982, December). Displaying colors of specified chrominance on a color graphics display (Tech. Report 459–4 ). Santa Barbara, CA: Anacapa Sciences, Inc.Google Scholar
  11. Hosokawa, H., Nishimura, Y., Ashiya, R., Okumura, S. (1987). Digital CRT luminance uniformity correction. In SID Digest (pp. 412–415 ). New York, NY: Palisades Institute for Research Services, Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Howard, C.M. ( 1988, October). Display characteristics of light-valve projectors (Tech. Report UDR-TR-88–124). Dayton, OH: University of Dayton Research Institute.Google Scholar
  13. Hunt, R.W.G. (1975). The reproduction of colour ( 3rd ed. ). Hertfordshire, England: Founta in Press.Google Scholar
  14. Judd, D.B., Wyszecki, G. (1975). Color in business, science and industry ( 3rd ed. ). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  15. Lucassen, M.P., Walraven, J. (1990). Evaluation of a simple method for color monitor recalibration. Color Research and Application, 15, 321–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lyons, N.P., Farrell, J.E. (1989). Linear systems analysis of CRT displays. In SID Digest (pp. 220–223 ). Playa del Rey, CA: Society for Information Display.Google Scholar
  17. Neri, D.F. (1988, July). A simple calibration procedure for color CRT displays (Report No. 1118 ). Groton, CN: Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory.Google Scholar
  18. Poirson, A.B., Wandell, B.A. (1990). Task-dependent color discrimination. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 7, 776–782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Post, D.L., Calhoun, C.S. (1989). An evaluation of methods for producing desired colors on CRT monitors. Color Research and Application, 14, 172–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rich, D.C. (1991). Standardized methods for characterizing the color of visual display units. In SID Digest (pp. 652–653 ). Playa del Rey, CA: Society for Information Display.Google Scholar
  21. Sproson, W.N. (1983). Color science in television and display systems. Bristol, England: Adam Hilger Ltd.Google Scholar
  22. Suzuki, M., Nakano, H., Okamoto, Y., Kii, K., Eccles, D. (1989). Computer-controlled alignment for a 2000-line color monitor. In SID Digest (pp. 196–199 ). Playa del Rey, CA: Society for Information Display.Google Scholar
  23. Takaoka, H., Ogata, Y., Minato, S. (1991). A new input modulation method for generating expected colors on a CRT monitor. In SID Digest (pp. 57–60 ). Playa del Rey, CA: Society for Information Display.Google Scholar
  24. Taylor, J.M., Murch, G.M., McManus, P.A. (1989). TekHVC: A uniform perceptual color system for display users. Proceedings of the Society for Information Display, 30, 15–21.Google Scholar
  25. Van De Capelle, J., Van Elstlande, J., Carrein, G., Maelfeyt, J. (1990). The use of a more-accurate CRT-based display model for color matching applications. In SID Digest (pp. 156–158 ). Playa del Rey, CA: Society for Information Display.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Post
    • 1
  1. 1.Armstrong LaboratoryWright-Patterson Air Force BaseUSA

Personalised recommendations