Quantum Optics in Periodic Dielectric Structures
The advent of 3D-periodic dielectric structures possessing photonic band gaps (PBGs) and the ability to incorporate defects in the structure, wherein localized high-Q modes are formed at PBG frequencies, should offer far greater control over (i) the spatial modulation of the field amplitude, and (ii) the spectral distribution of its mode density. We have been exploring the following novel quantum optical processes which rely on the “design” of the aforementioned field characteristics in PBG structures: (a) quantum states preparation via nonadiabatic periodic transitions, (b) pump-mode Fock-state generation, (c) lasing without inversion — atomic coherence by spontaneous decay, (d) two-atom interactions, and (e) near-resonant gap solitons and optical “excitons”.
KeywordsPhotonic Crystal Photon Number Photonic Band Structure Bragg Structure Antisymmetric State
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