Assessment of Cognitive Function: Exploration of Memory Processing to Topographical Mapping Techniques
Human memory function has been the subject of intensive study. Nevertheless, little is known as to how the brain integrates its operations during the learning process so that an individual memory can “stamp its image” during recollection or recall. Electrophysiological approaches hold great promise in helping to unlock some of the mysteries of memory processing. While behavioral, lesion (e.g., clinical case studies), and laboratory studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET) can be very helpful, only physiological studies can directly measure changes in brain activity in real time, that is associated with the various operational stages of mnemonic function. The focus here was on what we think to be one of the more interesting aspects of human memory—the “proactive interference” effect.
KeywordsDementia Retina Hunt Tria Topo
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cremak, L. S., Butters, N. S., & Moreines, J. (1974). Some analyses of the verbal encoding deficit of alcoholic Korsakoff patients. Brain and Language, 1, 41–150.Google Scholar
- Donchin, E., Ritter, W., & McCallum, W. C. (1978). Cognitive psychophysiology. In E. S. Callaway, P. ‘Dieting, and S. H. Koslow (Eds.), Event-related brain potentials in man (pp. 349–441 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Jasper, H. H. (1958). Report to the committee on methods of clinical examination in electroencephalography. Appendix: The ten-twenty system of the International Federation. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 371–375.Google Scholar
- Picton, T. W., & Stuss, D. T. (1980). The component structure of the human event-related potentials. In H. H. Kornhuber and L. Deecke (Eds.), Motivation, Motor and Sensory Processes of the Brain: Electrical Potentials, Behavior and Clinical Use. Progress in Brain Research (pp. 17–49 ). New York: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Smith, M. E., Stapleton, J. M., Moreno, K. A., & Halgren, E. (1985). The effects of anterior temporal lobectomy on endogenous EPs recorded during verbal recognition memory testing. Society For Neuroscience, Abstracts, 11, 527.Google Scholar
- Squire, L. R. (1982). Comparison between forms of amnesics: Some deficits are unique to Korsakoffs syndrome. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 8, 560–571.Google Scholar
- Wilson, R. S., Como, P. G., Garron, D. C., Klawans, H. L., Barr, A., & Klawan, D. (1987). Memory failure on Huntington’s disease. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Psychology, 9, 147–154.Google Scholar