Water Flow in the Ecology of Benthic Cnidaria

  • G. O. Mackie


The following four papers were given in a special session of the Third International Symposium on Coelenterate Biology. They present some principles of water flow and the possible reactions of bodies to flow, and then apply them to studies of feeding and survival of certain benthic cnidarians.


  1. Alexander, R. M., 1968. Animal Mechanics. Univ. Washington Press, Seattle. 346 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Leversee, G. J., 1976. Flow and feeding in fan-shaped colonies of the gorgonian coral, Leptogorgia. Biol. Bull., (in press).Google Scholar
  3. Riedl, R., 1971. Water movement. O. Kinne, Ed., Marine Ecology, volume I. Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1244 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Wainwright, S. A., W. D. Biggs, J. D. Currey, and J. M. Gosline, 1976. Mechanical Design in Organisms. Halsted Press (Wiley), New York, 423 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. O. Mackie
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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