The Approach of A. R. Luria to Neuropsychological Assessment
Luria’s neuropsychology is based on the historico-cultural tradition in psychology, developed by Vygotsky and Luria in the late 1920s and early 1930s. It is a psychology rooted in historical materialism, in accordance with the Marxist ideology that characterized the scientific climate of the Soviet Union at that time.1 The thesis of the historico-cultural tradition is that complex or “higher” cognitive functions are, to a large extent, determined by cultural and social conditions and formed through internalization of external cultural representational systems and codes (Goldberg, 1992). In order to explain the genesis and development of mental processes, historico-cultural psychology emphasizes both anthropology and developmental psychology. During the years of growth, the child internalizes a number of preexisting, culturally determined representational systems, particularly through the acquisition of language; these systems are thought to have decisive importance for the structuring of cognitive functions.
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