Biofeedback of Slow Cortical Potentials in Epilepsy

  • Niels Birbaumer
  • Brigitte Rockstroh
  • Thomas Elbert
  • Peter Wolf
  • Andreas Düchting-Röth
  • Martin Reker
  • Irene Daum
  • Werner Lutzenberger
  • Johannes Dichgans
Part of the The Plenum Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)


It remains a pertinent problem that dependent on the type of epilepsy, 20–50% of patients are not sufficiently controlled with antiepileptic medication. Alternative approaches such as behavioral treatment have therefore been explored. The behavioral research was stimulated by a famous single case study published by Efron (1975) documenting the classical conditioning of seizure depression. Reduction in seizure frequency has been reported following the application of desensitization and extinction procedures (Forster, 1969, 1972, 1977; Rockstroh & Elbert, 1990), self-control procedures implying self-perception, self-control, and relaxation (Dahl, Brorson, 1985; Dahl, Melin, & Leissner, 1988; Bühring & Weltek, 1990), biofeedback of respiratory parameters (Fried, Rubin, Carlton, & Fox, 1984), and instrumental modification of EEG spectra (Lubar, 1984; Sterman, 1984; Rockstroh, Elbert, Birbaumer, Wolf, Düchting-Roth, Reker, Daum, Lutzenberger, & Dichgans, 1993). For recent overviews, see Birbaumer, Elbert, Canavan, and Rockstroh (1990) and Elbert, Rockstroh, Canavan, Birbaumer, Lutzenberger, von Bülow, and Linden (1991).


Discriminative Stimulus Seizure Frequency Epileptic Patient Cortical Excitability Instrumental Conditioning 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niels Birbaumer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Brigitte Rockstroh
    • 3
  • Thomas Elbert
    • 4
  • Peter Wolf
    • 5
  • Andreas Düchting-Röth
    • 5
  • Martin Reker
    • 5
  • Irene Daum
    • 6
  • Werner Lutzenberger
    • 6
  • Johannes Dichgans
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Physiological PsychologyUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of General PsychologyUniversitá degli StudiPadovaItaly
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Experimental AudiologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  5. 5.Epilepsy Center BethelBielefeldGermany
  6. 6.Department of Clinical and Physiological PsychologyUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany
  7. 7.Department of NeurologyUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany

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