Advertisement

Cholera pp 37-55 | Cite as

Bacteriology of Vibrio and Related Organisms

  • Riichi Sakazaki
Part of the Current Topics in Infectious Disease book series (CTID)

Abstract

Members of the genus Vibrio are natural inhabitants of the estuarine and sea environments. Until 1960, only the cholera vibrio was recognized as a human pathogen. Cholera vibrio was first found by Pacini in 1854 in the intestinal contents of patients who had died from cholera and it was given the name Vibrio cholera [sic]. In 1906, Gotschlich isolated organisms closely resembling but not identical to cholera vibrios in their hemolytic activity from pilgrims at El Tor in Sinai. Those hemolytic choleralike vibrios were called V. eltor for many years, but are now included as variants of V. cholerae because they do not differ sufficiently from the latter.

Keywords

Vibrio Species Vibrio Cholerae Polar Flagellum Enrichment Broth Cholera Vibrio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Colwell RR, MacDonell MT, De Ley J: Proposal to recognize the family Aeromonadaceae fam. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 36: 413–411, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 1a.
    Baumann P, Baumann L: The marine gram-negative eubacteria: genera Photobacterium, Beneckea, Alteromonas, Pseudomonas and Alcaligenes, in Starr MP, Stolp H, Truper HG, et al (eds.): The Prokaryotes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981, pp. 1302–1331.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Brenner DJ, Fanning GR, Hickman-Brenner FW, et al: DNA relatedness among Vibrionaceae with emphasis on the Vibrio species associated with human infection. Colloq. INSERM 114: 175–184, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. 2a.
    Reichelt JL, Baumann P: Effects of sodium chloride on the growth of heterotrophic marine bacteria. Arch Microbiol, 97: 329–345, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.
    Sakazaki R, Gomez CZ, Sebald M: Taxonomical studies of the so-called NAG vibrios. Japan J Med Sci Biol 20: 265–280, 1976.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Citarella RV, Colwell RR: Polyphasic taxonomy of the genus Vibrio: polynucleotide sequence relationships among selected Vibrio species. J Bacteriol 104: 434–442, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 5.
    Reichelt JP, Baumann P, Baumann L: Study of genetic relationships among marine species of the genera Beneckea and Photobacterium by means of in vitro DNA/DNA hybridization. Arch Microbiol 110: 101–120, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    Heiberg C: On the classification of Vibrio cholerae and cholera-like vibrios. Busk, Copenhagen, 1935.Google Scholar
  9. 6a.
    Kelly, MT, Stroh, EMD: Urease-positive, Kanagawa-negative Vibrio parahaemolyticus from patients and the environment in the Pacific Northwest. J Clin Microbiol, 27: 2820–2822, 1989.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 7.
    Mhalu FS, Mmari PW, Ijumba J: Rapid emergence of El Tor Vibrio cholerae resistant to antimicrobial agents during first six months of fourth cholera epidemic in Tanzania. Lancet i: 345–347, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 8.
    Threlfall EJ, Rowe B: Vibrio cholerae el tor acquires plasmied-encoded resistance to gentamicin? Lancet i: 42, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 9.
    Joseph SW, Debell RM, Brown WP: In vitro response to chloramphenicol, tetracycline, ampicillin, gentamicin and beta-lactamase production by halophilic vibrios from human and environmental sources. Antimicrob agents and chemother, 13: 244–248, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 10.
    Shinoda S, Kariyama R, Ogawa M, et al: Flagellar antigens of various species of the genus Vibrio and related genera. Int J Syst Bacteriol 26: 97–101, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 11.
    Sakazaki R, Donovan TJ: Serology and epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio mimicus, in Bergan T (ed.): Methods in Microbiology, Vol. 16. Academic Press, London, 1984, pp. 271–289.Google Scholar
  15. 12.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: Additional serovars and inter-O antigenic relationships of Vibrio cholerae. Japan J Med Sci Biol 30: 275–277, 1977.Google Scholar
  16. 13.
    Sakazaki R, Shimada T: O-serogrouping scheme Aeromonas strains. Japan J Med Sci Biol 37: 247–255, 1984.Google Scholar
  17. 14.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: Serological studies on Vibrio fluvialis. Japan J Med Sci Biol 36: 315–323, 1973.Google Scholar
  18. 15.
    Simada T, Sakazaki R: R antigen of Vibrio cholerae. Japan J Med Sci Biol 26: 155–160, 1973.Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Sakazaki R, Tamura K, Gomez CA, et al: Serological studies on the cholera group of vibrios. Japan J Med Sci Biol 23: 13–20, 1970.Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    Sakazaki R, Tamuru K: Somatic antigen variation in Vibrio cholerae. Japan J Med Sci Biol 24: 93–100, 1971.Google Scholar
  21. 18.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R, Oue M: A bioserogroup of marine vibrios possessing somatic antigen factors in common with Vibrio cholerae 01. J Appl Bacteriol, 62: 453–456, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 19.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: A bioserogroup of Vibrio cholerae non-01 with Inaba antigen factor of cholera vibrio. J Appl Bacteriol, 64: 141–144, 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 20.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: Vibrio fluvialis: A new serogroup (19) possessing the Inaba factor antigen of Vibrio cholerae 01. Jap J Med Sci Biol, 40: 153–157, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 21.
    Bhaskaran K, Sinha VB: Hybridization in vibrios. Ind J Exp Biol 9: 119–120, 1971.Google Scholar
  25. 22.
    Sakazaki R, Iwanami S, Tamura K: Studies on the enteropathogenic, facultatively halophilic bacteria, Vibrio parahaemolyticus. II. Serological characteristics. Japan J Med Sci Biol 21: 313–324, 1968.Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: On the serology of Vibrio vulnificus. Japan J Med Sci Biol 37: 241–246, 1984.Google Scholar
  27. 24.
    Mukerjee S, Guha DK, Roy UK: Studies on typing of cholera by bacteriophage. Part 1. Phage-typing of Vibrio cholerae from Calcutta epidemics. Ann Biochem Exp Med 17: 161–176, 1957.Google Scholar
  28. 25.
    Lee JV, Furniss AL: The phage-typing of V. cholerae serovar 01, In Holmgren J, Holme T, Merson MH, et al (eds.): Acute Enteric Infections of Children. Elsevier/North Holland, Amsterdam, 1981, pp. 119–122.Google Scholar
  29. 26.
    Memorandum WHO meeting: Recent advance in cholera research. Bull WHO 63: 841–849, 1985.Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    Drozhevkina MS, Arutyunov YI: Phage typing of Vibrio cholerae using a new collection of phages. J Hyg Epidem Microbiol Immunol 23: 340–347, 1979.Google Scholar
  31. 28.
    Frost JA, Rowe B: Geographic variation in the distribution of phage types of Vibrio cholerae Ol and non-0l. FEMS Microbiol Lett 40: 219–222, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 29.
    Wahba AH: Vibriocin production in the cholera and el tor vibrios. Bull WHO 33: 661–664, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 30.
    Mitra S, Balganesh TS, Dastidar SG, et al: Single bacteriocin typing for the vibrio groups of organisms. Infect Immun 30: 74–77, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 31.
    Kobayashi T, Enomoto S, Sakazaki R, et al: A new selective isolation medium for the vibrio group (modified Nakanishi medium — TCBS agar). Japan J Bacteriol 18: 387–392, 1963., in Japanese.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 32.
    Tamura K, Shimada S, Prescott LM: Vibrio agar: a new plating medium for isolation of Vibrio cholerae. Japan J Med Sci Biol 24: 125–127, 1971.Google Scholar
  36. 33.
    Monsur DA: A highly selective gelatin-taurocholate-tellurite medium for the isolation of Vibrio cholerae. Trans Roy Soc Trop Med Hyg 55: 440–442, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 34.
    Monsur KA: Bacteriological diagnosis of cholera under field conditions. Bull WHO 28: 387–389, 1963.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 35.
    Sakazaki R, Karashima T, Yuda K, et al: Enumeration of and hygienic standard of food safety for Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Arch Lebensmittelhyg 30: 81–84, 1979.Google Scholar
  39. 36.
    Emoto M: Frozen lobster and shrimp contaminated with Vibrio cholerae and related vibrios, in Kurata H, Hesseltein CW (eds.): Control of the Microbial Contamination of Foods and Feeds in International Trade: Microbial Standards and Specifications. Saikon Publisher, Tokyo, 1982, pp 161–167.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    Isaacson M: Practical aspects of a cholera surveillance program. S Afr Med J 49: 1699–1702, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 38.
    Barret TJ, Blake PA, Morris GK, et al: Use of Moore swabs for isolating Vibrio cholerae from sewage. J Clin Microbiol 11: 385–388, 1980.Google Scholar
  42. 39.
    Spira WM, Ahmed QS: Gauze filtration and enrichment procedures for recovery of Vibrio cholerae from contaminated waters. Appl Environ Microbiol 42: 730–733, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 40.
    Hranitsky KW, Larson AD, Rangsdale DW, et al: Isolation of 01 serovar of Vibrio cholerae from water by serologically specific method. Science 210: 1025–1026, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 41.
    Shimada T: A new selective isolation medium for Vibrio cholerae, eltor — PMT agar. Media Circle 25: 6–9, 1980., in Japanese.Google Scholar
  45. 42.
    Sakazaki R, Tamura K, Murase M: Determination of the hemolytic activity of Vibrio cholerae. Japan J Med Sci Biol 24: 83–91, 1971.Google Scholar
  46. 43.
    Popoff MY, Coynault C, Kiredjian M, et al: Polynucleotide sequence relatedness among motile Aeromonas species. Curr Microbiol 5: 109–114, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 44.
    MacInnes JI, Trust TJ, Crosa JH: Deoxyribonucleic acid relationships among members of the genus Aeromonas. Canad J Microbiol 25: 579–586, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 45.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R, Suzuki K: Peritrichous flagella in mesophilic strains of Aeromonas. Japan J Med Sci Biol 38: 141–145, 1985.Google Scholar
  49. 46.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: On the serology of Plesiomonas shigelloides. Japan J Med Sci Biol 31: 135–142, 1978.Google Scholar
  50. 47.
    Shimada T, Sakazaki R: New O and H antigens and additional serovars of Plesiomonas shigelloides. Japan J Med Sci Biol 38: 73–76, 1985.Google Scholar
  51. 48.
    Hori M, Hayashi K, Maeshima K, et al: Food poisoning caused by Aeromonas shigelloides with an antigen common to Shigella dysenteriae 7. J Japan Ass Infect Dis 39: 411–448, 1966., in Japanese.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riichi Sakazaki

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations