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Chemistry, Radiochemistry and Applications of Potassium Isotopes

  • Ali M. Emran

Abstract

Potassium (K) is a principal cation in the intracellular fluid and an important constituent of the extracellular fluid. It influences a number of physiological processes; specifically muscle activity (ie. cardiac muscle) by affecting the cellular resting potential and the cell excitability (1,2). All cellular activities involving electrical phenomena such as skeletal or cardiac muscle contraction and nerve impulse conduction are dependant on the gradients of K+ and Na+ across the cellular membrane (3). It affects the acid-balance and maintains cellular pH by interaction with H+, Na+, Ca++ ions via ion exchange mechanisms (4,5).

Keywords

Positron Emission Tomography Myocardial Perfusion Spinal Cord Stimulation Regional Myocardial Perfusion Potassium Perchlorate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali M. Emran
    • 1
  1. 1.Positron Diagnostic and Research CenterThe University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA

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