Aqueous Solutions of Polyelectrolytes

  • M. Mandel


Polyelectrolytes are macromolecules which, in a suitable polar solvent, usually water, carry a large number of ionized or ionizable groups, often one per monomer unit. Under well defined conditions the macromolecules will bear a considerable charge distributed along the chain (the ‘fixed charges’) accompanied by an equivalent number of small ions of opposite sign (the ‘counterions’) in solution. The charge-bearing groups may all be identical or not, but we shall here treat only homopolyelectolytes, or polyelectrolytes behaving as such. Polyelectrolytes can be of natural origin (nucleic acids, many polysaccharides, etc.) or synthetically prepared (e.g. polyacrylic acid, polyvinyl pyridinium bromide, poly(maleic acid-vinylethylether)-copolymer, etc.).


Persistence Length Macromolecular Chain Polyacrylic Acid Helmholtz Energy Exclude Volume Effect 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Mandel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry Gorlaeus LaboratoriesUniversity of LeidenLeidenNetherlands

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