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Reactivity of low dimensional transition metal derivatives towards cationic intercalation chemistry

  • Jean Rouxel
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 172)

Abstract

Cationic intercalation compounds are usually formed through a reversible redox process involving a guest species and a host. 1a, b, c, d These topochemical ion-electron transfer processes2 were initially developped in the case of two dimensional host structures, which actually justified utterly the name of intercalation used for these reactions. Later on, and due to the variety of fundamental topics involved and to the numerous possible applications, the intercalation concept was extended to reactions concerning three dimensional channel structures. However, in that case, there will be strongly limiting geometrical constraints in connection with a rigid framework. The ideal host structure would be, on the contrary, a deformable one, able to adapt itself to each type of ions, which was precisely the case of low dimensional solids. Indeed, two-dimensional and one-dimensional structures remain basically the ideal host structures when one wants to better understand the intercalation reaction itself. The present paper will consequently deal with such materials like transition metal di- or trichalcogenides, halides and oxihalides. A particular attention will be paid to the electronic exchange between guest and host, this aspect being sometimes somewhat neglected as compared to purely geometrical topics. The reverse of the intercalation process will be also considered in this contribution. It leads to a modification of already known host structures, or to new ones, which are generally metastable and very reactive.

Keywords

Octahedral Site Solid State Ionic Discharge Curve Band Structure Calculation Host Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Rouxel
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie des Solides, U.A. CNRS no 279Université de NantesNantes Cédex 03France

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