Advertisement

Mössbauer Spectroscopy — Nuclear Gamma Resonance

  • P. Bussière
Part of the Fundamental and Applied Catalysis book series (FACA)

Abstract

The chemical and structural properties of an atom can be studied from the shifts and degeneracy of its nuclear energy levels. These changes in the nuclear state are easily observed by using the resonance spectroscopy of the gamma rays emitted in a nuclear transition toward the ground state for an isotope of the element in question. Nuclear gamma resonance (NGR), is possible only for solids, as was shown by Mössbauer in 1957. It is illustrated in Figure 8.1, which shows in particular the mean energy transition E 0 within a Lorentzian distribution with a linewidth W 0 (or Γ0).

Keywords

MOSSBAUER Spectroscopy Isomer Shift Quadrupole Splitting Electric Field Gradient Quadrupole Interaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. Janot, L’effet Mössbauer et ses applications à la physique du solide et à la métallurgie physique, Masson et Cie, Paris (1972).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. N. Greenwood and T. C. Gibb, Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Chapman Hall, London (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. M. Friedt, Techniques de l’ingénieur, section méthodes spectroscopiques, Academic, New York (1977), p. 2605Google Scholar
  4. J. M. Friedt and J. Danon, Modern Physics in Chemistry (E. Fluck and V. I. Goldanskii, eds.), Academic, New York (1979), p. 195.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    CRC Handbook of Spectroscopy, Vol. III, Mössbauer Spectroscopy (J. W. Robinson, ed.) CRC, Boca Raton, Florida (1981), pp. 403–528.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    R. L. Cohen (ed.), Applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Vol. I, Academic, New York (1976); ibid. Vol. II (1980).Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    Mössbauer Effect Data Indexes [available from Mössbauer Effect Data Center (M.E.D.C.): 1958–1965], A. H. Muir, K. J. Ando, and H. M. Coogan, Interscience, New York (1966); 1966–1976, J. G. and V. E. Stevens et al.,IFI/Plenum, New York (various years).Google Scholar
  8. Mössbauer Effect Reference and Data Journal,Mössbauer Effect Data Center (M.E.D.C.), University of North Carolina, Asheville (1977 et seq.).Google Scholar
  9. Catalysts Mössbauer Handbook, ibid. (1986).Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    J. A. Dumesic and H. Topse, Adv. Catal. 26, 121 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 8.
    H. Topse, J. A. Dumesic, and S. Morup, Applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Vol. II, Academic, New York (1980), p. 55.Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    Catalysts Mössbauer Handbook, M.E.D.C. ed. (1986).Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    P. Bussière, Rev. Phys. Appl. 16, 477 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 11.
    P. Bussière, Rev. Phys. Appl. 15, 1143 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 12.
    J. M. Dubois and G. Le Caèr, J. Phys. E 13, 1002 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 13.
    W. N. Shen, J. A. Dumesic and C. G. Jr. Hill, Rev. Sci. Instr. 52, 858 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 14.
    P. A. Montano, A. S. Bommannavar and V. Shah, Fuel 60, 703 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 15.
    J. A. Dumesic and H. Topso, Adv. Catal. 26, 59 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    M. B. Madsen, L. Nielsen and S. Morup, Communication to ISIAME, Parma (1988).Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    J. W. Niemantsverdriet, C. F. J. Flipse, and A. M. Van Der Kraan, Proc. ICAME, 1981, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (1982), 426.Google Scholar
  21. 18.
    G. K. Shenoy, F. E. Wagner (eds.), Mössbauer Isomer Shifts, North-Holland, Amsterdam (1978).Google Scholar
  22. 19.
    C. H. Bartholomew and M. Boudart, J. Catal. 29, 278 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 20.
    R. Bacaud, P. Bussière, and F. Figueras, J. Catal. 69, 399 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 21.
    F. Hugues, P. Bussière, J. M. Basset, D. Commereuc, Y. Chauvin, L. Bonneviot and D. Olivier, Proc. 7th Intern. Congr. on Catalysis, Kodansha Ltd, Tokyo (1981), p. 418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 22.
    S. Msrup and H. Topso, Proc. ICAME, Institute of Physics Bucharest, Vol. I, (1978), p. 229.Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    N. Nahon, V. Perrichon, P. Turlier, and P. Bussière, J. Physique Colloq. 41, C1–339 (1980)Google Scholar
  27. N. Nahon, V. Perrichon, P. Turlier, and P. Bussière, ibid., in: Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science ( J. P. Fraissard and H. A. Resing, eds.), Reidel, Dordrecht (1980), p. 337.Google Scholar
  28. 24.
    M. Pijolat, G. Le Caèr, V. Perrichon, and P. Bussière, Proc. ICAME 1981, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (1982), p. 431.Google Scholar
  29. G. Le Caèr, J. M. Dubois, M. Pijolat, V. Perrichon, and P. Bussière, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 4799 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. M. Pijolat, V. Perrichon, and P. Bussière, J. Catal. 107, 82 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 25.
    H. Topso, B. S. Clausen, R. Candia, C. Wivel, and S. Morup, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belge, 90, 1189 (1981).Google Scholar
  32. H. Topso, B. S. Clausen, R. Candia, C. Wivel, and S. Morup, ibid., J. Catal. 68, 433 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 26.
    M. Breysse, B. A. Bennett, and D. Chadwick, J. Catal. 71, 430 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 27.
    A. M. Van Der Kraan, M. W. J. Craje, E. Gerkema, W. L. T. M. Ramselaar, and V. H. J. De Beer, Hyperfine Interactions, 46, 567 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 28.
    S. Morup, B. S. Clausen, and H. Topso, J. Physique Colloq. 40, C2–78 (1979).Google Scholar
  36. 29.
    J. L. Portefaix, P. Bussière, F. Figueras, M. Forissier, J. M. Friedt, F. Theobald, and J. P. Sanchez, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. I 76, 1652 (1980).Google Scholar
  37. 30.
    B. Benaichouba, P. Bussière, J. M. Friedt, and J. P. Sanchez, Appl. Catal. 8, 237 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. J. C. Volta, P. Bussière, G. Coudurier, J. M. Herrmann, and J. C. Vedrine, Appl. Catal. 16, 315 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 31.
    F. J. Berry, J. CataL 73, 349 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 32.
    R. Dutartre, M. Primet, and G. A. Martin, React. Kin. Catal. Lett. 3, 249 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 33.
    P. Bussière, R. Dutartre, G. A. Martin, and J. P. Mathieu, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. C 280, 1133 (1975).Google Scholar
  42. R. Dutartre, P. Bussière, J. A. Dalmon, and G. A. Martin, J. Catal. 59, 382 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 34.
    N. Nahon, V. Perrichon, P. Turlier, and P. Bussière, React. Kin. Catal. Lett. 11, 281 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 35.
    S. Marup, B. S. Clausen, and H. Topso, Surf. Sci. 106, 438 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 36.
    W. N. Delgass, R. L. Garten and M. Boudart, J. Phys. Chem. 73, 2970 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 37.
    B. L. Dickson and L. V. C. Rees, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. I 70, 2038 (1974).Google Scholar
  47. 38.
    B. L. Dickson and L. V. C. Rees, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. I 70, 2051 (1974).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Bussière
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Recherches sur la CatalyseCNRSVilleurbanneFrance

Personalised recommendations