Individual Differences in Cardiovascular Reactivity

Part of the The Springer Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)


The physiological reactions elicited by psychological stress vary in their magnitude and, indeed, patterning, for two main reasons: One is the precise nature of the challenge (the “situational factor”) and the other is the nature of the person’s biological program (the “individual factor”). While any given response in an individual subject is a function of both factors, this chapter will focus on the individual factor.


Blood Pressure Response Total Peripheral Resistance Hemodynamic Variable Cardiovascular Reactivity Blood Pressure Data 
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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Kasprowicz, A.L., Manuck, S.B., Malkoff, S.B., & Krantz, D.S. (1990). Individual differences in behaviorally evoked cardiovascular response: Temporal stability and hemodynamic patterning. Psychophysiology, 27, 605–619.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Llabre, M.M., Saab, P.G., Hurwitz, B.E., Schneiderman, N., Frame, C.A., Spitzer, S., & Phillips, D. (1993). The stability of cardiovascular parameters under different behavioral challenges: One-year follow-up. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 14, 241–248.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McKinney, M.E., Miner, M.H., Ruddel, H., Mcllvain, H.E., Witte, H., Buell, J.C., Eliot, R.S., & Grant, L.B. (1985). The standardized mental stress test protocol: Test-retest reliability and comparison with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Psychophysiology, 22, 453–463.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Manuck, S.B., & Garland, F.N. (1980). Stability of individual differences in cardiovascular reactivity: A thirteen-month follow-up. Physiology and Behavior, 24, 621–624.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Manuck, S.B., Kasprowicz, A.L., Monroe, S.M., Larkin, K.T., & Kaplan, J.R. (1989). Psychophysiological reactivity as a dimension of individual differences. In N. Schneiderman, S.M. Weiss, & P.G. Kaufmann (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in cardiovascular behavioral medicine (pp. 365–382 ). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sherwood, A., Dolan, C.A., & Light, K.C. (1990). Hemodynamics of blood pressure responses during active and passive coping. Psychophysiology, 37, 656–668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sherwood, A., Turner, J.R., Light, K.C., & Blumenthal, J.A. (1990). Temporal stability of the hemodynamics of cardiovascular reactivity. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 10, 95–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Steptoe, A., & Vögele, C. (1991). Methodology of mental stress testing in cardiovascular research. Circulation, 83, (Suppl. II), II-14—II-24.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Turner, J.R. (1989). Individual differences in heart rate response during behavioral challenge. Psychophysiology, 26, 497–505.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Turner, J.R., Sherwood, A., & Light, K.C. (1992). Individual differences in cardiovascular response to stress. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TennesseeMemphisUSA

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