The Risk Identification Protocol

Part of the The Springer Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)


In this chapter we shall attempt to stand back and take a broader look at the phenomenon of reactivity, how best to evaluate it, and possible connections to hypertensive disease. The preceding chapters have addressed specific aspects in our examination of cardiovascular response to psychological stress in detail, and so reiteration will be avoided as much as possible. Instead, this chapter speculates on the possible application of reactivity testing in the cardiovascular risk ascertainment process.


Cold Pressor Psychosomatic Medicine Cardiovascular Reactivity Mental Arithmetic Task Cold Pressor Task 
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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Borghi, C., Costa, E, Boschi, S., Mussi, A., and Ambrosioni, E. (1986). Predictors of stable hypertension in young borderline subjects: A five-year follow-up study. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 8 (Suppl. 5), S138–S141.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ewart, C.K., and Kolodner, K.B. (1991). Social competence interview for assessing physiological reactivity in adolescents. Psychosomatic Medicine, 53, 289–304.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Falkner, B., Kushner, H., Onesti, G., and Angelakos, E.T. (1981). Cardiovascular characteristics in adolescents who develop essential hypertension. Hypertension, 3, 521–527.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fredrikson, M., and Matthews, K.A. (1990). Cardiovascular responses to behavioral stress and hypertension: A meta-analytic review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 12, 30–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kamarck, T.W., Manuck, S.B., and Jennings, J.R. (1990). Social support reduces cardiovascular reactivity to psychological challenge: A laboratory model. Psychosomatic Medicine, 52, 42–58.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kamarck, T.W., Jennings, J.R., Debski, T.T., Glickman-Weiss, E., Johnson, P.S., Eddy, M.J., and Manuck, S.B. (1992). Reliable measures of behaviorally-evoked cardiovascular reactivity from a PC-based test battery: Results from student and community samples. Psychophysiology, 29, 17–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Light, K.C., Dolan, C.A., Davis, M.R., and Sherwood, A. (1992). Cardiovascular responses to an active coping challenge as predictors of blood pressure patterns 10 to 15 years later. Psychosomatic Medicine, 54, 217–230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Light, K.C., Sherwood, A., and Turner, J.R. (1992). High cardiovascular reactivity to stress: A predictor of later hypertension development. In J.R. Turner, A. Sherwood, and K.C. Light (Eds.), Individual differences in cardiovascular response to stress (pp. 281–293 ). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lovallo, W.R., and Wilson, M.F. (1992). A biobehavioral model of hypertension development. In J.R. Turner, A. Sherwood, and K.C. Light (Eds.), Individual differences in cardiovascular response to stress (pp. 265–280 ). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Menkes, M.S., Matthews, K.A., Krantz, D.S., Lundberg, V., Mead, L.A., Qaqish, B., Liang, K.-Y., Thomas, C.B., and Pearson, T.A. (1989). Cardiovascular reactivity to the cold pressor test as a predictor of hypertension. Hypertension, 14, 524–530.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TennesseeMemphisUSA

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