Anthropological Perspectives on the Social Biology of Alcohol: An Introduction to the Literature

  • Dwight B. Heath

Abstract

It is apparent that throughout human history the drug most widely used for altering human consciousness has been alcohol.* It is probably the oldest, and certainly now the most widespread mind-altering drug, but it is also distinctive in its versatility. In various times and in various contexts, human beings have used alcohol as an energizer or tranquilizer, as a “super-ego solvent” or sacred symbol, as a medicine or food, as a social leveler or source of subjective feelings of power, and for a host of other social or symbolic functions.

Keywords

Fermentation Bismuth Alba Egypt Parkin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dwight B. Heath
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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