Advertisement

Alcohol Abuse and Work Organizations

  • Paul M. Roman
  • Harrison M. Trice

Abstract

With notable exceptions, the problem of alcohol abuse and potentials for its control within work organizations has received relatively little attention from researchers and practitioners in the alcoholism field. Such attention has, however, burgeoned rapidly in the past several years, largely due to significant interest and financial investment from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). A set of concepts and assumptions originally articulated several decades ago has “come of age” and a large scale effort is underway to identify and provide assistance to problem drinkers within the setting of work organizations.

Keywords

Alcohol Abuse Alcohol Problem Problem Drinker Work Organization Employee Assistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alander, R., and Campbell, T., 1973, One organization’s approach: An evaluative study of an alcohol and drug recovery program, Oldsmobile Division, General Motors Corp., East Lansing, Michigan.Google Scholar
  2. Brenner, B., 1967, Alcoholism and fatal accidents, Quart. J. Stud. Alc. 28: 517–527.Google Scholar
  3. Cahalan, D., Cisin, I., and Crossley, H., 1969, “American Drinking Practices,” College and University Press, New Haven.Google Scholar
  4. Clyne, R. M., 1965, Detection and rehabilitation of the problem drinker in industry, J. of Occup. Med. 9: 265–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Edwards, D., 1973, Final Evaluation Report: A National Training Program Designed to Modify Service Delivery in Occupational Systems, National Occupational Alcoholism Training Institute, Greenville, N.C.Google Scholar
  6. Franco, S. C., 1960, A company program for problem drinking: A ten years follow-up, J. Occup. Med. 2: 157–162.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Franco, S. C., 1965, Alcoholism in industry. Mimeographed lecture, annual meeting, Maryland Industrial Physicians Association, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  8. French, J. R. P., et al.,1965, The Work Load of University Professors,University of Michigan Survey Research Center, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  9. Hilker, Robert R. J., 1972, A company-sponsored alcoholic rehabilitation program, J. Occup. Med. 14: 769–772.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hollander, E. P., 1962, Conformity, status and idiosyncrasy credit, in “Current Perspectives in Social Psychology” (E. Hollander and R. Hunt, eds), Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Holmes, D., 1963, Report of the New York City Alcoholism Project, National Council on Alcoholism, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Kahn, R. L., Snoek, W., Quinn, R., Wolfe, D., and Rosenthal, R., 1964, “Organizational Stress,” John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Kammer, M. E., and Dupong, W. G., 1969, Alcohol problems: Study by an industrial medical department, New York State J. of Med. 88: 3105–3110.Google Scholar
  14. Katz, D., and Kahn, R. L., 1966, “The Social Psychology of Organizations,” John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Kornhauser, A., 1965, “The Mental Health of the Industrial Worker,” John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Levinson, H., 1973, “Organizational Diagnosis,” Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  17. Maxwell, M. A., 1972, Alcoholic employees: Behavior changes and occupational alcoholism programs, Alcoholism 8: 174–180.Google Scholar
  18. McClelland, D., Davis, W., Kalin, R., and Wanner, E., 1972, “The Drinking Man,” The Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  19. McLean, A. A. (ed.), 1972, “Mental Health in Work Organizations,” Rand McNally, Chicago.Google Scholar
  20. Moberg, P., 1974, Followup study of persons referred for inpatient treatment from an industrial alcoholism program, Paper presented to the Occupational Section of the Alcohol and Drug Problems Association, San Francisco, Calif.Google Scholar
  21. Morris, J., 1972, The unions look at alcohol and drug dependency, Internat. Labor Rev. 106: 335346.Google Scholar
  22. National Council on Alcoholism, 1973, Suggested guidelines for labor management agreements, Labor—Management Alcoholism Newsletter 2: 18–22.Google Scholar
  23. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1974, Alcohol and Health: Second Report to the Congress by NIAAA, Government Printing Office, Washington.Google Scholar
  24. Perlis, L., 1958, Labor’s viewpoint on alcoholism in industry, Indust. Med. Surg. 27: 535–538.Google Scholar
  25. Ritzer, G., and Trice, H., 1969, “An Occupation in Conflict: The Personnel Manager,” Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.Google Scholar
  26. Rogers, E. M., and Shoemaker, E., 1972, “Communication of Innovations,” The Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  27. Roman, P., 1970, The future professor, in “The Domesticated Drug” (G. Maddox, ed.), College and University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.Google Scholar
  28. Roman, P., 1972, Sleep deprivation, drug use and psychiatric disorders, Amer. J. Sociol. 77: 907911.Google Scholar
  29. Roman, P., 1974a, Executives and problem drinking employees, in “Alcoholism: A Multilevel Problem” (M. Chafetz, ed.), Government Printing Office, Washington.Google Scholar
  30. Roman, P., 19746, Settings for successful devaince, in “Deviant Behavior: Occupational and Organizational Bases” (C. Bryant, ed.), Rand McNally, Chicago.Google Scholar
  31. Roman, P., 1975a, The misplaced concept of consultant in occupational alcoholism programming, Tulane University Project on Monitoring and Evaluation of Occupational Alcoholism Programming, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  32. Roman, P., 1975b, Spirits at work: needed strategies in occupational programming in Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference of NIAAA (M. Chafetz, ed.), Government Printing Office, Washington.Google Scholar
  33. Roman, P., 1975c, Secondary prevention of alcoholism: problems and prospects in occupational programming, J. Drug Issues 5: 327–343.Google Scholar
  34. Roman, P., and Trice, H., 1968, The sick role, labeling theory and the deviant drinker, Int. J. Soc. Psychiat. 12: 245–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Roman, P., and Trice, H., 1970, The development of deviant drinking behavior, Arch. Environ. Health 20: 424–435.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Roman, P., and Trice, H., 1971, Normalization: A neglected dimension of labeling theory, Paper presented to American Sociological Association, Denver.Google Scholar
  37. Roman, P., and Trice, H., 1972, Psychiatric impairment among “middle Americans,” Soc. Psychiat. 7: 157–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Roman, P., and Trice, H., 1974, Strategies of preventive psychiatry, in “Sociological PerspectivesGoogle Scholar
  39. on Community Mental Health“ (P. Roman and H. Trice, eds.), F. A. Davis, Philadelphia. Sadler, M., and Horst, J., 1972, Company/union programs for alcoholics, Harvard Bus. Rev. 50:22–41.Google Scholar
  40. Smart, R., 1974, Employed alcoholics treated voluntarily and under constructive coercion: A follow-up study, Quart. J. Stud. Alc. 35: 196–209.Google Scholar
  41. Somers, G., 1975, Alcohol and just cause for discharge, paper delivered to the National Academy of Arbitrators, San Juan, Puerto Rico.Google Scholar
  42. Straus, R., 1971, Alcohol and alcoholism, in “Contemporary Social Problems,” (R. Merton and R. Nisbet, eds.) Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York.Google Scholar
  43. Tichauer, E., and Wolkenberg, R., 1972, Delayed Effects of Acute Alcoholic Intoxication on Occupational Safety and Health, New York University Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York.Google Scholar
  44. Trice, H., 1957, A study of the process of affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous, Quart. J. Stud. Alc. 18: 34–37.Google Scholar
  45. Trice, H., 1959, Work accidents and the problem drinker, I.L.R. Research 3: 18–32.Google Scholar
  46. Trice, H., 1962, The job behavior of problem drinkers, in Society, Culture, and Drinking Patterns (D. Pittman and C. Snyder, eds.), John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  47. Trice, H., 1965a, Reactions of supervisors to emotionally disturbed employees, J. Occup. Med. 7: 177–188.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Trice, H., 1965b, Alcoholic employees: A comparison with psychotic, neurotic and normal personnel, J. Occup. Med. 7:94–99.Google Scholar
  49. Trice, H., 1966, “Alcoholism in America,” McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  50. Trice, H., and Belasco, J., 1966, Emotional Health and Employer Responsibility, Bulletin #57, New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell Univ., Ithaca.Google Scholar
  51. Trice, H., and Belasco, J., 1968, Supervisory training about alcoholic and other problem employees, Quart. J. Stud. Alc. 29: 382–398.Google Scholar
  52. Trice, H., and Belasco,,J., 1970, The aging collegian: drinking pathologies among executive and professional alumni, in “The Domesticated Drug” (G. Maddox, ed.), College and University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.Google Scholar
  53. Trice, H., and Roman P., 1970a, Sociopsychological predictors of affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous, Soc. Psychiat. 5: 51–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Trice, H., and Roman, P., 19706, Delabeling, relabeling and Alcoholics Anonymous, Soc. Probs. 17: 468–480.Google Scholar
  55. Trice, H., and Roman, P., 1971, Occupational risk factors in mental hearth and the impact of role change experience, in “Compensation in Psychiatric Disability and Rehabilitation” (J. Leedy, ed.), C. C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill.Google Scholar
  56. Trice, H., and Roman, P., 1972, “Spirits and Demons at Work: Alcohol and Other Drugs on the Job,” Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.Google Scholar
  57. Trice, H., and Roman, P., 1973, Alcoholism and the worker, in “Alcoholism: Progress in Research and Treatment, (R. Fox and P. Bourne, eds.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  58. Trice, H., and Roman, P., 1974, Dilemmas of evaluation in community mental health, in “Sociological Perspectives on Community Mental Health” (P. Roman and H. Trice, eds.), F. A. Davis, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  59. Turfboer, R., 1959, The effects of in-plant rehabilitation of alcoholics, The Medical Bulletin of Standard Oil of New Jersey, 19: 108–128.Google Scholar
  60. United Automobile Workers of America, 1972, Resolutions Committee Report #2, 23rd U.A.W. constitutional convention, Miami Beach, Florida.Google Scholar
  61. U.S. Civil Service Commission 1975, Internal Evaluation of Agency Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Programs, Bulletin #792–15, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  62. Vroom, V. 1966, “Work and Motivation,” John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  63. Warkov, S., and Bacon, S., 1965, Social correlates of industrial problem drinking, Quart. J. Stud. Alc., 26: 58–71.Google Scholar
  64. Weiner, H., 1967, Labor-management relations and mental health, in “To Work Is Human,” (A. A. McLean, ed.), Macmillan, New York.Google Scholar
  65. Wrich, J., 1974, “The Employee Assistance Program,” The Hazleden Foundation, Center City, Minn.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul M. Roman
    • 1
  • Harrison M. Trice
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyTulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of Organizational Behavior New York State School of Industrial and Labor RelationsCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Personalised recommendations