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Commercial Importance of Adventitious Rooting to Agronomy

  • John L. Kovar
  • Rolf O. Kuchenbuch
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 62)

Abstract

Agronomic crops are those grown on a large scale, either for consumption by humans or livestock, or for production of raw materials. Those crops in which adventitious root formation is important can be divided into two broad categories—those that are vegetatively propagated and those for which final yield, whether fruit or dry matter, is influenced by the presence of adventitious roots. The number of commercially important species in the first category is small, with sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrid) and hybrid varieties of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers.) being the most significant. The second category contains many species that play an important role, both directly and indirectly, in world food supply. This group includes cereal grains such as maize (Zea mays L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.), and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), as well as forage species, such as perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Agronomic species in which adventitious root formation is most important are, in general, members of the grass (Gramineae) family.

Keywords

Root System Nodal Root Adventitious Root Panicum Virgatum Primary Root 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Kovar
    • 1
  • Rolf O. Kuchenbuch
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Gemüse- und ZierpflanzenbauGroßbeeren/Erfurt e.V.GroßbeerenGermany

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