Cell Movement and Automatic Control

  • Hans Gruler
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 263)


An important concept for the understanding of biological phenomena is given by cybernetics, also known as the theory of automatic control [1]. It is shown that chemotaxis, galvanotaxis, galvanotropism, contact guidance, etc., are functions of cells having a goal-seeking system which is an automatic controller having a closed-loop feedback system. The model is verified by means of galvanotaxis, chemotaxis and contact guidance data of granulocytes [2, 3, 4].


Directed Movement Applied Electric Field Neural Crest Cell Polar Field Neurospora Crassa 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Gruler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiophysicsUniversity of UlmUlmGermany

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