Evaluation of Soil Solarization Singly or in Combination with Fungal or Bacterial Biocontrol Agents to Control Fusarium Wilt of Carnation

  • Kalomoira Elena
  • E. C. Tjamos
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)

Abstract

Fusarium wilt of carnation incited by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi causes serious problems wherever carnations are cultivated for several years in Greece. Soil fumigants and steaming constitute the current approach in controlling the disease but fast soil reinfection can not be avoided. Although wilt tolerant cultivars have been developed, they have not been widely accepted by the growers worldwide (Yuen et al., 1985). Biological control has shown promise against the pathogen with the use of nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum, Bacillus subtilis and a resistance-inducing Pseudomonas isolate (Filippi et al., 1987; Garibaldi et al., 1990; Van Peer et al., 1990). High cost of soil fumigation is a limiting factor for outdoor plantations. Thus, evaluation of field application of soil solarization singly or in combination with other biological or chemical factors under local conditions was attempted in Greece. Soil solarization has shown to be effective against several soilborne pathogens and especially against physiological races of F. oxysporum (Martyn and Harz, 1986; Tjamos and Makrynakis, 1990).

Keywords

Steam Polyethylene Bacillus Pseudomonas Fusarium 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kalomoira Elena
    • 1
  • E. C. Tjamos
    • 2
  1. 1.Benaki Phytopathological InstituteKiphissia , AthensGreece
  2. 2.Agricultural University of AthensVotanikos , AthensGreece

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