Systems for Efficient Delivery of Microbial Biocontrol Agents to Soil

  • Deborah R. Fravel
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)


Efficient delivery of microbial biocontrol agents implies a process that requires the least amount of time, effort, and product (and therefore, the least cost), while still delivering the agent in a way that is efficacious. To accomplish this goal, a sufficient quantity of the agent must be delivered in an appropriate state of activity and to the right place at the right time to effect economical control. Activity state of a given microbial biocontrol agent and proper timing and placement of the inoculum are usually more important than introduction of a large population of the agent. Thus, for efficient delivery, we need to consider plant-pathogen-agent interactions in terms of time and space. The choice of delivery system will be dictated by both control strategies and characteristics of the organisms and cropping systems involved.


Biological Control Biocontrol Agent Biological Control Agent Verticillium Wilt Crown Gall 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah R. Fravel
    • 1
  1. 1.Biocontrol of Plant Disease Laboratory Plant Sciences Institute Agricultural Research ServiceU. S. Department of AgricultureBeltsvilleUSA

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