Advertisement

Biocontrol Product Fermentation, Formulation and Marketing

  • K. A. Powell
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)

Abstract

This paper deals with biocontrol production, formulation and marketing in the context of “progress and challenges for the future”. This is itself a challenge and an extremely diverse area to cover as there is little evidence of the future organisms which require fermentation and formulation. There are few real products on the world market such as bacteria (Pseudomonas fluorescens, Dagger G. T. M., Ecogen Inc) and streptomycetes (Streptomyces griseoviridis, Mycostop T. M., Kemira Oy), (Landenpera et al., 1991). Phycomycetes (Pythium oligandrum) (McQuilken et al., 1990) and other fungi (Trichoderma harzianum), (Chet, 1990) have been developed or have been close to development as products against soilborne pathogens. Agrobacterium radiobacter has been the basis for small product for some years (Kerr, 1972) and Bacillus subtilis has been used as the growth promoter Quantum 4000 (Gustafson).

Keywords

Rice Straw Biological Control Agent Trichoderma Harzianum Single Cell Protein Soilborne Pathogen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Bousfield, I. J., 1983, Maintenance of industrial and marine bacteria and bacteriophages, pages 63–68, in: “Maintenance of Microorganisms”, B. E. Kirsop,and J. J. S. Snell, eds., Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  2. Brockwell, J., 1985, Environmental interactions influencing innovatice practices in leagume innoculation, pages 63–69, in: “Proceedings of the World Soybean Conference III”, R. Shibles, ed., Westview Press, Boulder, Colo.Google Scholar
  3. Chet, I., 1990, Biological control of soil-borne plant pathogens with fungal antagonists in combination with soil treatments, pages 15–26, in: “Biological Control of Soil-borne Plant Pathogens”, D. Hornby, ed., C.A.B. International, Wallingford.Google Scholar
  4. Gow, J. S., Littlehailes, J. D., Smith, S. R. L., and Walter, R. B., 1974, SCP from production methanol: bacteria, in: “Single Cell Protein II”, S. R. Tannenbaum, and D. I. C., Wang, eds., MIT Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  5. Graham-Weiss, L., Bennett, M. L.,and A. S. Paau, 1987, Production of bacterial inoculants by direct fermentation on nutrient-supplemented vermiculite, Appl. Env. Microbial. 53: 2138.Google Scholar
  6. Jutsum, A. R., 1988, Commercial application of biological control: status and prospects. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 318: 357.Google Scholar
  7. Kerr, A., 1972, Biological control of crown gall: Seed inoculation, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 35: 493.Google Scholar
  8. Kirsop, B. E., 1983, Maintenance of yeasts, pages 109–130, in: “Maintenance of Microorganisms!, B. E. Kirsop,and J. J. S. Snell, eds., Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  9. Kloepper, J. W., and Schroth, M. N., 1981, Development of a powder formulation of rhizobacteria for inoculation of potato seed pieces, Phytopathology 71: 590.Google Scholar
  10. Kremer, R. J., and Peterson, H. L., 1983, Effects of Carrier and Temperature on Survival of Rhizobium spp. in Legume inocula: Development of an improved type of inoculant, Appl. Env. Microbiol. 45: 1790.Google Scholar
  11. Landenpera, M. L., Simon, E., and Uoti, J., 1991, Mycostop, a novel fungicide based on streptomyces bacteria, pages 258–263, in: “Biotic Interactions and Soil-borne diseases”, A. B. R. Beemster, G. J. Ballen, M. Gerlagh, M. A’. Ruissen, B. Schippers and A. Tempel, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  12. Lumsden, R. D., and Lewis, J. A., 1989, Selection, production, formulation and commercial use of plant disease biocontrol fungi; problems and progress, pages 171–190, in: “Biotechnology of Fungi for Improving Plant Growth”, J. M. Whipps,and R. D. Lumsden, eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  13. McQuilken, M. P., Cooke, R. C., and Whipps, J. M., 1989, Production and formulation of Pythium oligandrum inocula, pages 175–191, in: “New Directions in Biological Control, UCLA Symposium on Molecular and Cellular Biology”, R. Baker,and P. Dunn, eds., A.R. Liss: New York.Google Scholar
  14. Parton, C., and Willis, P., 1990, Strain preservation, inoculum preparation and development, pages 39–64, in: “Fermentation, a practical approach”, B. McNeil, and L. M. Harvey, eds., IRL Oxford.Google Scholar
  15. Powell, K. A., and Rodgers, B. L. F., 1984, Single Cell Protein, pages 119144, in: “Methylotrophs: Microbiology, Biochemistry and Genetics”, C. T. Hou, ed., CRC Press Boca Raton.Google Scholar
  16. Rhodes, D. J., Powell, K. A., MacQueen, M. P., and Greaves, M. P., 1990, Controlled delivery of biological control agents, in: “Controlled Delivery of Crop-Protection Agents”, R. M. Wilkins, ed., Taylor and Francis London.Google Scholar
  17. Smith, D., 1983, Maintenance of fungi, pages 83–108, in: Maintenance of Microorganisms, B. E. Kirsop, and J. J. S. Snell, eds., Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  18. Suslow, T. V., 1980, Increased growth and yield of sugar beets by seed treatment with selected Pseudomonas spp. and bacterial culture preservation in frozen or dry film of cellulose methyl ether, Ph. D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  19. Teebeest, D. O., and Templeton, G. E., 1985, Mycoherbicides: progress in the biological control of weeds, Plant Dis., 69: 6.Google Scholar
  20. Trinci, A. P. J., and Wiebe, M. G., 1990, Production of fungal biomass and fungal spores in continuous and fed-batch culture, pages 255–262, in: “The Exploitation of Micro-organisms in Applied Biology, Aspects of Applied Biology 24”, Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. A. Powell
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology Section, ICI AgrochemicalsJealott’s Hill Research StationBracknell, BerksUK

Personalised recommendations