Advertisement

Biological Control of Root Rot Diseases of Peas

  • J. C. Tu
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)

Abstract

There are more than 20 different fungi that can cause pea root rot (Anonymous, 1960). Root rot disease of peas in different regions of the world may be caused by different fungi because of geographical and environmental differences. In Canada, the most frequently isolated root rot fungi of peas have been Fusarium solani (Mart., Appel & Wr.) f. sp. pisi (F. R. Jones, Snyd, & Hans.), F. oxysporum (Schlect.) f. sp. pisi (Snyd. & Hans.) and Pythium spp., with Ascochyta pinodella L. K. Jones and Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn isolated occasionally (Basu et al., 1973; Reyes, 1980). F. solani has been reported to be the predominant root rot fungus in southern Ontario (Basu et al.,1973), but unfortunately, these reports have been based upon limited surveys.

Keywords

Corn Stover Green Manure Fusarium Wilt Rhizoctonia Solani Fusarium Solani 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Adams, P. B., and Papavizas, G. C., 1969, Survival of root-infecting fungi in soil. X. Sensitivity, of propagules of Thielaviopsis basicola to soil fungistasis in natural and alfalfa-amended soil, Phytopathology, 59: 135.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous, 1960, Index of Plant diseases in the United States. USDA Handbook No. 165. U.S. Govt. Printing office, Wash., D.C.Google Scholar
  3. Basu, P. K., Crete, R., Donaldson, A.G., Gourley, C. O., Haas, J. H., Harper, F. R., Lawrence, C. H., Seaman, W. L., Toms, H. N., Wong, I., and Zimmer, R. C., 1973, Prevalence and severity of diseases of processing peas in Canada. 1970–71, Can. Plant Dis. Surv., 53: 49.Google Scholar
  4. Burke, D. W., 1965, Fusarium root rot of beans and behavior of the pathogen in different soils. Phytopathology, 55: 1122.Google Scholar
  5. Cook, R. J., and Baker, K. F., 1983, The nature and practice of biological control of plant pathogens, Amer. Phytopathol. Soc., St. Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  6. Garrett, S. D., 1970, Pathogenic root-infecting fungi. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  7. Lewis, J. A., and Papavizas, G. C., 1975, Survival and multiplication of soil-borne plant pathogens as affected by plant tissue amendments, pages 84–89, in: “Biology and Control of Soil-borne Plant Pathogens”, G. W. Bruehl, ed. American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Paul, MNGoogle Scholar
  8. Papavizas, G. C., 1968, Survival of root-infecting fungi in soil. VI. Effect of amendments on bean root rot caused by Thielaviopsis basicola and on inoculum density of the causal organism, Phytopathology, 58: 421.Google Scholar
  9. Papavizas, G. C., Lewis, J. A., and Adams, P. B., 1970, Survival of root-infecting fungi in soil. XIV. Effect of amendments and fungicides on bean root rot caused by Thielaviopsis basicola, Plant Dis. Reptr., 54: 114.Google Scholar
  10. Reyes, A. A., 1980, Pea root rot development and associated fungal pathogens in Ontario fields. Plant Dis., 73: 1109.Google Scholar
  11. Tu, J. C., 1987, Integrated control of the pea root rot diseases complex in Ontario. Plant Dis., 71: 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Tu, J. C., 1988, The impact of interseason green manuring on root disease and soil environments, Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent., 53: 321.Google Scholar
  13. Tu, J. C., 1990. Effect of soil pH on pea root rots, yield and soil biology, Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent., 55: 827.Google Scholar
  14. Wolts, S. A., and Jones, J. P., 1981, Nutritional requirements of Fusarium oxysporum: Basis for a disease control system pages 340–349, in: “Fusarium: Diseases, Biology and Taxonomy”, P. E. Nelson, T. A. Toussoun, and R. J. Cook eds., Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, PA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Tu
    • 1
  1. 1.Agriculture CanadaHarrowCanada

Personalised recommendations