Biological Control of Soilborne Plant Pathogens by Suppressive Compost

  • Yitzhak Hadar
  • Raphael Mandelbaum
  • Barbara Gorodecki
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)


The biological control of soilborne plant pathogens in compost-amended container media has received much attention in the last decade (Hoitink, 1980; Hoitink and Fahy, 1986). There is considerable evidence that various types of compost suppress different soilborne plant diseases. Vaughn et al. (1954) found that composted wood residues reduced damage caused by Phyto­phthora in strawberries. Since then it has been found that mature composts also suppress Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum and Pythium in many crops (Chen et al., 1988; Hoitink, 1980; Spring et al., 1980; Nelson and Hoitink, 1982; Hoitink and Fahy, 1986). Lumsden et al. (1983) showed that composed sewage sludge reduces disease caused by several plant pathogens. Hadar and Mandelbaum (1986) demonstrated that disease caused by Pythium aphanidermatum is effectively suppressed in container media amended with composted liquorice roots.


Cattle Manure Rhizoctonia Solani Nylon Fabric Mature Compost Pythium Aphanidermatum 
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Literature Cited

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yitzhak Hadar
    • 1
  • Raphael Mandelbaum
    • 1
  • Barbara Gorodecki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology The Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology Faculty of AgricultureThe Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

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