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The Measurement of Surface Potentials and Transmembrane Potentials in Cells and Organelles

  • Hagai Rottenberg
Chapter
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 51)

Abstract

Most living cells and organelles carry discrete charges on their membrane surface, which result in the presence of surface potential differences (shortly called surface potentials) between membrane surface and the contacting bulk medium. In addition, the selective active transport of ions and the resulting ion concentration differences lead to the formation of transmembrane potential differences (shortly called membrane potentials). Both surface potentials and membrane potentials play important roles in metabolism, control and signaling processes in cells and organelles. Thus, the ability to measure these various potentials and to distinguish between them, is crucial to the understanding of many cellular and organelles’s processes. In this Chapter I shall review briefly the most useful methods available at present, and discuss their principles and their applications.

Keywords

Membrane Potential Surface Charge Membrane Surface Surface Potential Biological Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hagai Rottenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Pathology DepartmentHahnemann UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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