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Factors Involved in Chitin Utilization by Vibrios

  • Rufus K. Guthrie
  • Daniel Q. Copie
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 3)

Abstract

Because cholera remains an infectious disease of public health concern world wide, even with very few cases per year in the United States, the existance of pathogenic vibrios as normal inhabitants in estuarine waters require that we attempt to learn how these organisms maintain themselves in this environment (Colwell et al. 1980). Several investigators have reported that vibrios, although preferring high pH and some salinity, are intimately associated with chitin (Amako et al. 1987; Huq et al. 1984; Guthrie and Cofie, 1987). In those reports the point was made that the presence of organisms such as copepods, as well as larger chitin-bearing organisms, in the water increased the survival time of vibrios which were present.

Keywords

Total Organic Carbon Estuarine Water Select Nutrient Pathogenic Vibrio Total Organic Carbon Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Amako, K., Shimodori, S., Imoto, T., Maike, S., and Umeda, A. (1987). Effects of chitin and its soluble derivatives on survival of Vibrio cholerae 01 at low temperature. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53, 603–605.Google Scholar
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  4. Huq, A., West, P.A., Huq, I.M., and Colwell, R.R. (1984). Influence of water temperature, salinity and pH on survival and growth of toxigenic Vibrio cholera serovar 01 associated with live copepods in laboratory microcosms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 48, 420–424.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rufus K. Guthrie
    • 1
  • Daniel Q. Copie
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public HealthThe University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonUSA

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