Influence of Lignin Type on the Decay of Woody Angiosperms by Trametes Versicolor

  • John R. Obst
  • Terry L. Highley
  • Regis B. Miller
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 4)


Numerous studies of the fungal decay of wood have been conducted, especially in the past few decades. The major motivation in the search to understand wood decay is the potential application of research results in essentially two areas: (1) decay protection of wood and wood products in use and (2) biological processing of wood for the production of pulp for paper manufacture, pulp bleaching, and effluent treatments.


Middle Lamella Cell Corner Trametes Versicolor Residual Lignin Decay Resistance 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blanchette, R.A.; Abad, A.R.; Cease, K.R. [and others] (1990). Enzyme Immunocytochemistry and Ultrastructural Localization of Cell Wall Components by Enzyme—Gold Complexes, In: Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture, Applications and Fundamental Investigations, pp. 69–81 ( T.K. Kirk and H.—M. Chang, Eds.), Butterworth—Heinemann, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  2. Blanchette, R.A.; Obst, J.R.; Hedges, J.I.; and Weliky, K. (1988). Resistance of Hardwood Vessels to Degradation by White Rot Basidiomycetes. Can. J. Bot., 66, 1841–1847.Google Scholar
  3. Butcher, J.A. and Nilsson, T. (1982). Influence of Variable Lignin Content Amongst Hardwoods on Soft-Rot Susceptibility and Performance of CCA Preservatives. The International Research Group on Wood Preservation: IRG/WP/1 151.Google Scholar
  4. Carlquist, S. (1988). Comparative Wood Anatomy. Berlin, Springer—Verlag. Cowling, E.B. ( 1961 ). Comparative Biochemistry of the Decay of Sweetgum Sapwood by White-Rot and Brown-Rot Fungi. USDA Technical Bulletin 1258.Google Scholar
  5. Daniel, G.; Nilsson, T.; and Pettersson, B. (1991). Poorly and non-lignified regions in the middle lamella cell corners of birch (Betula verrucosa) and other wood species. IAWA Bull. n.s. 12:, 70–83.Google Scholar
  6. Effland, M.J. (1977). Modified Procedure to Determine Acid Insoluble Lignin in Wood and Pulp. Tappi J., 60 (10), 143–144.Google Scholar
  7. Eriksson, I.; Lidbrandt, O.; and Westermark; U. (1988). Lignin Distribution in Birch (Betula Verrucossa) as Determined by Mercurization With SEM and TEM—EDXA. Wood Sci. Technol., 22 (3), 251–257.Google Scholar
  8. Erikkson, K.—E.L.; Blanchette, R.A.; and Ander, P. (1990). Microbial and Enzymatic Degradation of Wood and Wood Components. Berlin, Springer—Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Faix, O.; Mozuch, M.D.; and Kirk, T.K. (1985). Degradation of Gymnosperm (Guaiacyl) vs. Angiosperm (Syringyl/Guaiacyl) Lignins by Phanero-chaete Chrysoporium. Holzforschunq, 39 (4), 203–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fergus, B.J. and Goring, D.A.I. (1970). The Location of Syringyl and Guaiacyl Lignins in Birch Xylem Tissue. Holzforschung, 24 (4), 113–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Highley, T.L. (1982). Influence of Type and Amount of Lignin on Decay by Coriolus Versicolor. Can. J. For. Res., 12 (2), 435–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Highley, T.L. and Illman, B. (1990). Changes in Cell Wall Components of White Pine and Maple by White-Rot Fungi. Biodeterioration Res., 3, 349–360.Google Scholar
  13. Highley, T.L. and Murmanis, L.L. (1987). Micromorphology of Degradation in Western Hemlock and Sweetgum by the White-Rot Fungus Coriolus versicolor. Holzforschunq, 41 (2), 67–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kirk, T.K.; Chang, H.-C.; and Lorenz, L.F. (1975). Topochemistry of the Fungal Degradation of Lignin in Birch Wood as Related to the Distribution of Guaiacyl and Syringyl Lignins. Wood Sci. Technol., 9, 81–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kirk, T.K. and Obst, J.R. (1988). Lignin Determination: In: Methods in Enzymology, Volume 161, Biomass, Part B, Lignin, Pectin, and Chitin. pp. 87–101 ( W.A. Wood and S.T. Kellogg, Eds.), Academic Press, Inc., New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Leightley, L.E. (1984). The Use of C-13 CP/MAS NMR in the Chemical Identification of Decayed and Undecayed Tropical Timber Species. The International Research Group on Wood Preservation: IRG/WP/1224.Google Scholar
  17. Manders, W.F. (1987). Solid-State C-13 NMR Determination of the Syringyl/Guaiacyl Ratio in Hardwoods. Holzforschunq, 40 (1), 13–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Musha, Y. and Goring, D.A.I. (1975). Distribution of Syringyl and Guaiacyl Moieties in Hardwoods as Indicated by Ultraviolet Microscopy. Wood Sci. Technol., 9, 45–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nilsson, T.; Daniel, G.; Kirk, T.K.; and Obst, J.R. (1989). Chemistry and Microscopy of Wood Decay by Some Higher Ascomycetes. Holzforschunq, 43 (1), 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nilsson, T.; Obst, J.R.; and Daniel, G. (1988). The Possible Significance of the Lignin Content and Lignin Type on the Performance of CCA-Treated Timber in Ground Contact. The International Research Group on Wood Preservation: IRG/WP/1357.Google Scholar
  21. Obst, J.R. and Landucci, L.L. (1986). Quantitative C-13 NMR of Lignins-Methoxyl:Aryl Ratio. Holzforschung, 40 (Suppl.), 87–92.Google Scholar
  22. Obst, J.R.; Landucci, L.L.; and Manders, W.F. (1987). Characterization of Hardwood Lignin: Solution and Solid State C-13 NMR. Fourth International Symposium of Wood and Pulping Chemistry. Volume 1, 273–277, Paris.Google Scholar
  23. Pettersen, R.C.; Schwandt, V.H.; and Effland, M.J. (1985). An Analysis of the Wood Sugar Assay Using HPLC: A Comparison With Paper Chromatography. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 22, 478–484.Google Scholar
  24. Saka, S. and Goring, D.A.I. (1988). Distribution of Lignin in White Birch Wood as Determined by Bromination with TEM-EDXA. Holzforschung, 42 (3), 149–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Syafii, W., Samejima, M., and Yoshimoto, T. (1988). The role of lignin on decay resistance of Ulin (Eusidearoxylon zevageri) to wood-rotting fungi. Bull. Tokyo Univ. For., 79, 119–126.Google Scholar
  26. Wilcox, W.W. (1968). Changes in Wood Microstructure Through Progressive Stages of Decay. USDA, Forest Service, Research Paper FPL 70.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Obst
    • 1
  • Terry L. Highley
    • 1
  • Regis B. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.Forest Products LaboratoryUSDA Forest ServiceMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations