Lack of Fungicidal Control of Aspergillus Flavus in Field Corn

  • H. E. Duncan
  • A. R. Ayers
  • G. A. Payne
  • W. M. HaglerJr.
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 4)


Aflatoxins B1 and B2, produced by Aspergillus flavus Link ex. Fries, in corn have received considerable attention. Aflatoxins were a serious problem in the 1977, 1980, and 1983 southeastern corn crops. For many years, it was thought that aflatoxins were produced only in storage. However, surveys done in South Carolina in the early 1970’s clearly demonstrated that aflatoxins can be produced in corn prior to harvest (Anderson et al., 1975). The problem of aflatoxin contamination in the field, in addition to the hazard of aflatoxin buildup in storage, accentuated the need for effective control measures.


Aflatoxin Production Insect Damage European Corn Borer Aflatoxin Contamination Field Corn 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson, H.W., Nehring, E.W., and Wichser, W.R. (1975). Aflatoxin contamination of corn in the field. J. Agric. Food Chem., 23, 775–782.Google Scholar
  2. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. (1980). Natural poisons. Chapter 12. Official Methods of Analysis, 13th ed. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Washington, D. C. 1018 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Barnes, L.W. (1983). Aflatoxin development in preharvest corn. Ph.D.Google Scholar
  4. Dissertation. Texas A & M University. 64 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Dickens, J.W., and Satterwhite, J.B. (1969). Subsampling mill for peanut kernels. Food Technol. 23, 190–92.Google Scholar
  6. Draughon, F.A. (1983). Control or suppression of aflatoxin production with pesticides. In: Aflatoxin and Aspergillus flavus in Corn. pp. 81–86 (U.L. Diener, R.A. Asquith, and J.W. Dickens, eds.) Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin No. 279. Auburn University, Auburn, AL.Google Scholar
  7. Jones, R.K., Duncan, H.E., Payne, G.A. and Leonard, K.J. (1980). Factors influencing infection by Aspergillus flavus in silk-inoculated corn. Plant Disease, 64, 859–863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jones, R.K., Duncan, H.E., and Hamilton, P.B. (1981). Planting date, harvest date, and irrigation effects on infection and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus in field corn. Phytopathology, 71, 810–816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jones, R.K., and Mulkey, J.R. (1982). Evaluation of benomyl and triazole in reducing aflatoxin B, concentrations in field corn (Abstr.). Phytopathology, 72, 970.Google Scholar
  10. Marsh, S.F., and Payne, G.A. (1984). Infection of silks and kernels of preharvest corn by Aspergillus flavus. Phytopathology, 74, 1284–1289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Payne, G.A. (1983). Nature of field infection of corn by Aspergillus flavus. pp. 16–20 In: Aflatoxins and Aspergillus flavus in Corn. (U.L. DienerGoogle Scholar
  12. R.A. Asquith, and J.W. Dickens, eds.) Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin No. 279. Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.Google Scholar
  13. Taubenhaus, J.J. (1920). A study of the black and yellow molds on ear corn. Tex. Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull., No. 270. 38 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Wales, P., and Somers, E. (1968). Susceptibility of aflatoxin-producing strains of Aspergillus flavus to a range of fungicides. Can. J. Plant Sci., 48, 377379.Google Scholar
  15. Widstrom, N.W. (1979). The role of insects and other plant pests in aflatoxin contamination of corn, cotton, and peanuts: A review. J. Environ. Qual., 8, 5–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. E. Duncan
    • 1
  • A. R. Ayers
    • 2
  • G. A. Payne
    • 3
  • W. M. HaglerJr.
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Rhone-Polenc Ag. CompanyResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  4. 4.Mycotoxin Laboratory, Department of Poultry ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations