Beyond Trauma pp 187-212 | Cite as

What Went Wrong?

Diagnostic and Ethical Problems in Dealing with the Effects of Torture and Repression in South Africa
  • Michael A. Simpson
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


No category of crime has been so extensively and widely condemned as crimes against humanity and abuses of human rights. But beyond doubt, there is no category of criminal so certain to escape punishment or even serious inconvenience, or so likely to retire on a pension at the expense of his or her victims. Trauma is an inevitable consequence of such offenses, and accordingly, clinicians and researchers working with trauma are provided with both opportunities and responsibilities to understand these phenomena.


American Psychiatric Association Traumatic Stress Solitary Confinement Security Police Dissociative Disorder 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Simpson
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Traumatic StressPretoriaSouth Africa

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