It is time to summarize what we have covered. In the last three chapters, we have presented selected findings about how the residents of twenty-two Los Angeles neighborhoods perceived their residential environments and about their residential needs, images, values, and priorities. We have examined the concept of residential environment within three different frames of reference: In Chapter 3, we tried to capture the essence of the residential area in the broadest sense, so as to include all of the different meanings and functions it may have for different individuals. Here, our focus was the residential milieu: the social, the physical, the functional, and the symbolic. In Chapter 4, we emphasized the form of the residential area. Here we explored the spatial and territorial dimensions of the residential area implicit in our respondents’ cognitive maps. Finally, in Chapter 5, we examined the residential area as a setting for daily activities. Here, we identified the environmental settings and hardware that belong to the residential area and those that should be excluded from it.
KeywordsResidential Area Taking Stock Residential Life Shopping Center Residential Environment
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- 1.Although there is some empirical evidence that, all else being equal in terms of social milieu, microspatial factors can influence social relations, neighboring, and the like (see, for example, Dyckman, 1961; Festinger, Schachter, and Back, 1950; Kuper, 1951).Google Scholar
- 2.Critics, however, are not totally convinced of Newman’s findings and proposals (see Mawby, 1981; Merry, 1981).Google Scholar
- 3.Nevertheless, the return of the “ma and pa” type of store in the form of the Seven-Eleven, the Stop and Go, and other chain convenience stores suggests that they serve a function that is not yet outmoded, despite the revolution in shopping-center developments.Google Scholar