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Cognitive and Behavioral Treatment of Childhood Depression

  • Kevin D. Stark
  • Anne Smith

Abstract

Historically there has been much debate about the existence and nature of depressive disorders during childhood. During the 1980s a consensus emerged within the literature that depressive disorders exist and that they are expressed in much the same fashion as adult variants with some developmental differences. Depressive disorders during childhood appear to be more common and of longer duration than previously thought. Onset of a depressive disorder during childhood is a risk factor for later episodes and impacts all areas of the youngster’s psychosocial functioning, the youngster’s family system, the parent-childs dyads, and has potentially life-threatening consequences. Perhaps due to a recognition of the seriousness of the disorder and the growing number of youths affected by it, research in the area has mushroomed over the past 15 years. Numerous advances have been made in our understanding of the nature of the disorder, its impact on the youngster and his or her family, its course, common cooccuring disturbances, and how to assess it. However, issues surrounding the treatment of depressed children have been sorely neglected and few developmentally sensitive treatment models have been proposed.

Keywords

Depressive Symptom Social Skill Anxious Child Attributional Style Automatic Thought 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin D. Stark
    • 1
  • Anne Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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