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Environmental Stress and Cognitive Performance

  • Sheldon Cohen
  • Gary W. Evans
  • Daniel Stokols
  • David S. Krantz

Abstract

Several general characteristics of research on the effects of stress on cognitive performance are noteworthy. There has been little theoretical development in the area of stress and cognition. We still have no theory of stress and cognition that can adequately account for or predict the circumstances in which stress will impact human task performance. One reason for this shortcoming is that task variables have not been adequately appreciated by researchers studying the effects of stress on cognition. Whether a particular stressor will affect human task performance is strongly influenced by characteristics of the physical stressor, by individual motivation and expectancy, and by task parameters, such as load demands or complexity.

Keywords

Noise Exposure School Achievement Arousal Model Reading Score Aircraft Noise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheldon Cohen
    • 1
  • Gary W. Evans
    • 2
  • Daniel Stokols
    • 2
  • David S. Krantz
    • 3
  1. 1.Carnegie-Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.University of California at IrvineIrvineUSA
  3. 3.Uniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA

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