The Development and Evaluation of the Self-Injurious Behavior Inhibiting System
I was asked to write this chapter to describe my experiences during the development and initial evaluation of a new technology. Specifically, the new technology is called the Self-Injurious Behavior Inhibiting System, or SIBIS. As anyone who has been working in the field of behavior disorders in individuals with mental retardation or developmental disabilities over the last few years knows, SIBIS has become a focal point in the controversy regarding the use of aversive procedures. The reason for focusing upon SIBIS is, no doubt, attributable to its utilization of contingent electrical stimulation (or “electric shock”) as a punishing stimulus. It should be stated at the outset that SIBIS was never conceptualized as the sole treatment or the sole method of intervention for individuals who have self-injurious behavior. Unfortunately, at times during the controversy, individuals and opposing advocacy groups have attempted to paint this issue as one between treatment with this method and treatment with exclusively positive educational methods.
KeywordsElectrical Stimulation Electric Shock Rectal Prolapse Aversive Conditioning Lemon Juice
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