Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies of Solvent-Deposited Materials on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite

  • Edwin J. Hippo
  • Deepak Tandon


Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) is a new tool for resolving surface topography and electronic states at the atomic level. STM excels over other microscopy techniques in its high lateral and vertical resolutions. Many forms of carbon including diamonds, fullerenes, isotropic porous carbons and glassy carbons have been studied extensively by STM. STM studies of basic carbon materials and surface adsorbed species on these carbon surfaces are essential as a foundation for future nanoscopic work involving more complex materials, such as carbon-carbon composites and coal structures, as well as the advancement of carbon inhibition/gasification technology. Our studies have shown that atomic structure of solvent deposited coal can be revealed and this will help in better understanding of the coal structure. The metal salts deposited on the graphite structure will help in a better understanding of the catalysis in carbon gasification. In this paper we have discussed some of the preliminary work performed on the materials deposited on the highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surface.


Scan Tunneling Microscope Highly Orient Pyrolytic Graphite Basic Carbon Material Cesium Chloride Coal Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H.G. Busmann, H. Sprang, I.V. Hertel, W. Zimmermann-Edling, and H.J. Guntherodt, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy on Chemical Vapor Deposited Films, Appl. Phys. Letters. 59: 295–297 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Tsuno, T. Imai, Y. Nishibayashi, K. Hamada, and N. Fujimori, Epitaxially grown dimond (001) 2 x 1/1 x 2 surface investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy in air, Jpn. Journal ofAppl. Phy. 30: 1063–1066 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Zimmermann-Edling, H.G. Busmann, H. Sprang, and I.V. Hertel, Ultramicroscopy, 42–44: 1366 (1992).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.J. Wilson, G. Meijer, D.S. Bethune, R.D. Johnson, D. D. Chamblis, M.S. de Vries, H.E. Hunziker, and H.R. Wendt, Imaging C60 Clusters on a Surface Using a Scanning Tunneling Microscope, Nature, 348: 621–622 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.L. Wragg,.1.E. Chamberlin, H.W. White, W. Kratschmer, and D.R. Huffman, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Solid C60/C70, Nature, 348: 623–624 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N.H. Cho, D.K. Veirs, J.W. Ager III, M.D. Rubin, C.B. Hopper, and D.B. Bogy, “Effects of Substrate Temperature on Chemical Structres of Amorphous Carbon Films.” J. Appl. Phys., 71: 2243–2248 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W.P. Huffman, V.B. Elings, and.T.A. Gurley, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Carbon Fibers, Carbon, 26: 754 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.N. Lei, A. Metrot, and M. Troyon, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Analysis of a Glassy Carbon Heat Treated at 2500°C, Carbon, 32: 79–84 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Gauthier et al. A Study of Graphite and Intercalated Graphite by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A6: 360–362, (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    I.P. Batra and S. Ciraci, Theoretical Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy Study of Graphite Including Tip-Surface Interaction, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A6: 313–318, (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.L. Soethout, Random Packing and Random Tessellation in Relation to the Dimension of Spacing, J. Microscopy, 152–1: 251–258, (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.M. Soler, A.M. Baro, N. Garcia, and H. Rohrer, Interatomic Forces in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Giant Corrugations of the Graphite Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett., 57: (4); 444–447 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin J. Hippo
    • 1
  • Deepak Tandon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Energy ProcessesSouthern Illinois University at CarbondaleCarbondaleUSA

Personalised recommendations