Sample Holders for Imaging Intact Particles with the Scanning Force Microscope

  • A. A. Garcia
  • M. Edwards


We have fabricated and tested sample holders for scanning force microscopy (SFM) imaging of individual, intact particles in the range of 70–500 micrometers in diameter. The sample holders keep particles rigidly in place at the end of a micropipet during scanning (sample stage is vibrated by the piezo tube) through the use of flexible tubing connected to a simple laboratory aspirator. This design is shown to permit high resolution imaging of intact polymer adsorbent particles. The sample holders were tested by imaging adsorbent particles with the trade designations of Amberlite XAD-4, XAD-71, XE-348 and IRA-900 (Rohm & Haas Co., Springhouse PA). Polymer adsorbents were imaged in either the dry or hydrated state without immersing the SFM probe in solution.


Adsorbent Particle Park Scientific Scanning Force Microscopy Flexible Tubing Carbonaceous Adsorbent 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. Binnig, H. Rohrer, Ch. Gerber, and E. Weibel, Surface study by scanning tunneling microscopy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49: 57–60 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Binnig, C. Quate, and Ch. Gerber, Atomic force microscope, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56: 930–933 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Snyder and H. White, Scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic force microscopy and related techniques, Anal. Chem. 64: 116R - 133R (1992).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Horber, W. Haberle, F. Ohnesorge, G. Binnig, H. Liebich, H. Mahnel, C. Cerny, and A. Mayr, Investigation of living cells in the nanometer regime with the scanning force microscope, Scanning Microscopy 6 (4): 919–925 (1992).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Neely and E. Isacoff, “Carbonaceous Adsorbents For The Treatment of Ground And Surface Waters,” Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York (1982).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Adamson, “Physical Chemistry of Surfaces,” 4th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1982).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Slejko, “Adsorption Technology,” Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York (1985).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.H. Cohen and R.A. Segars, Thin sectioning of carbonacious adsorbent spheres for visualization by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, Scanning Microscopy, 5 (2): 363–367 (1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Garcia
    • 1
  • M. Edwards
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical, Bio and Materials EngineeringArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Tempe Union High SchoolTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations