Basic Techniques of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Although gallstones were first described in the fifth century by the Greek physician Alexander Trallianus, therapy for gallstone disease was delayed until 1867 when John Stough Bobbs performed the first cholecystotomy with removal of gallstones in the case of a 32-year-old woman with hydrops of the gallbladder . This was followed in 1882 by the first cholecystectomy by Langenbuch in Berlin. His patient was discharged from the hospital 7 weeks following the new procedure. During the first half of the 20th century, the most significant advances in the field pertained primarily to improved diagnosis. The surgical treatment of gallbladder disease remained largely unchanged until the introduction of laparoscopic techniques for cholecystectomy. With some debate in the literature on who deserves credit for this advancement, several investigators are listed in Table 6–1.
KeywordsLaparoscopic Cholecystectomy Acute Cholecystitis Bile Duct Injury Gallstone Disease Gallbladder Disease
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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