Laparoscopic Staging Pelvic Lymphadenectomy for Prostate Cancer
While laparoscopic techniques in urology have developed at a slower pace than in other surgical disciplines, it is interesting to note that the initial description of endoscopic inspection of the peritoneal cavity in 1901 by Kelling made use of a Nitze cystoscope; therefore, the earliest reports of laparbscopy used urologic instruments . However, the true pioneering efforts in the field of laparoscopy must be credited to the gynecologists . Recently, the application of laparoscopic techniques for cholecystectomy by the general surgeon has greatly facilitated the widespread use of laparoscopy . Until recently, the major applications for laparoscopy in urology were evaluation of the undescended testis and occasional biopsy of an abdominal or pelvic mass [4,5]. However, with laparoscopic training now being instituted into most surgical training programs and widespread accessibility to laparoscopic training courses, the number of reported laparoscopic urologic procedures has increased (Table 23–1).
KeywordsProstate Cancer Localize Prostate Cancer Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection Veress Needle Pubic Ramus
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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