Learning Disabilities Subtypes

Perspectives and Methodological Issues in Clinical Assessment
  • George W. Hynd
  • Robert T. Connor
  • Naomi Nieves
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


In a relatively young industrial society such as ours, only about 100 years have elapsed since an inability to learn, retain, and use a symbolic means of communication fluently has been viewed as a learning disability. Prior to the end of the 19th century, the acquisition of reading, arithmetical, and other more demanding cognitive skills was not viewed as essential for a productive life. These abilities are clearly essential today.


Reading Disability Fluent Reading Learn Disability Developmental Dyslexia Disable Reader 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • George W. Hynd
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert T. Connor
    • 3
  • Naomi Nieves
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Educational Psychology and PsychologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyMedical College of GeorgiaAugustaUSA
  3. 3.Kennedy InstituteJohns Hopkins School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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