Cladistic Analysis in Ascomycete Systematics: Theory and Practice

  • A. Tehler
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 269)


The theory and principle of cladistic methodology are summarized, and exemplified by applied cladistics in ascomycete systematics and classifications. General topics touched upon are: competing systematic methods, monophyly, paraphyly, terminal taxa, character coding, ingroup, outgroup, character polarization, parsimony, character weighting, equally parsimonious trees, problems with tree instability, consensus trees, and classification.


Character State Consensus Tree Parsimonious Tree Cladistic Analysis Multistate Character 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderberg, A., and A. Tehler, 1990, Consensus trees, a taxonomic necessity, Cladistics 6: 399–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berbee, M., and J.W. Taylor, 1992, Convergent ascospore dispersal among pyrenomycete fungi inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequence, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 1: 274–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bremer, K., 1988, The limits of amino-acid sequence data in angiosperm phylogenetic reconstruction, Evolution 42: 795–803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bruns, T.D., R. Vilgalys, S.M. Barns, D. Gonzalez, D.S. Hibett, J.D. Lane, L. Simon, S. Stickel, T.M. Szaro, W.G. Weisburg, and M.L. Sogin, 1992, Evolutionary relationships within the fungi: analyses of nuclear small subunit rRNA sequences, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 1: 231–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bruns, T.D., T.J. White, and J.W. Taylor, 1991, Fungal molecular systematics, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22: 525–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Camin, J.H., and R.R. Sokal, 1965, A method for deducing branching sequences in phylogeny, Evolution 19: 311–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carpenter, J.M., 1988, Choosing among multiple equally parsimonious cladograms, Cladistics 4: 291–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Donoghue, M.J., R.G. Olmstead, J.F. Smith, and J.D. Palmer, 1992, Phylogenetic relationships of Dipsacales based on rbcL. sequences, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden: in press.Google Scholar
  9. Faith, D., and P. Cranston, 1991, Could a cladogram this short have arisen by chance alone?, Cladistics 7: 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Farris, J.S., 1970, Methods for computing Wagner trees, Systematic Zoology 19: 83–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farris, J.S., 1977, Phylogenetic analysis under Dollo’s law, Systematic Zoology 26: 77–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Farris, J.S., 1983, The logical basis for phylogenetic analysis. In: Advances in Cladistics (N. Platnick and V. Funk, eds). Colombia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Farris, J.S., 1988, Hennig86, Version 1.5. Computer Program and Reference Manual, Stony Brook.Google Scholar
  14. Felsenstein, J., 1985, Confidence limits on phylogenetics: an approach using the bootstrap, Evolution 39: 783–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fitch, W.M., 1971, Toward defining the course of evolution: minimum change for a specified tree topology, Systematic Zoology 20: 406–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Forey, P.L., C.J. Humphries, I.J. Kitching, R.W. Scotland, D.J. Siebert, and D.M. Williams, 1992, Cladistics. A Practical Course in Systematics, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  17. Gargas, A., and J.W. Taylor, 1992, Molecular systematics of lichenized and non-lichenized fungi based on rDNA sequences. In: Second International Symposium IAL 2. Abstracts (I. Käraefelt, ed.). Lunds Universitet, Lund.Google Scholar
  18. Hennig, B., 1966, Phylogenetic Systematics. [transi. D.D. Davis and R. Zangerl.] University of Illinois Press, Urbana.Google Scholar
  19. Hillis, D.M., 1991, Discriminating between phylogenetic signal and random noise in DNA sequences. In: Phylogenetic Analysis of DNA Sequences (M.M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds): 278–294. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  20. Hull, D.L., 1989, The evolution of phylogenetic systematics. In: The Hierarchy of Life (B. Fernholm, K. Bremer and H. Jornvall, eds). Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  21. Källersjö, M., S.M. Farris, A.G. Kluge, and C. Bult, 1992, Skewness and permutation, Cladistics 8: 275–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Maddison, W.P., and D.R. Maddison, 1992, MacClade: Analysis of Phylogeny and Character Evolution. Version 3.0, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass.Google Scholar
  23. Mickevich, M.F., and J.S. Farris, 1981, The implications of congruence in Menidia, Systematic Zoology 30: 351–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nelson, G., and N. Platnick, 1981, Systematics and Biogeography, Cladistics and Vicariance, Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Swofford, D.L., 1991, PAUP: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony. Version 3.0, Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign.Google Scholar
  26. Tehler, A., 1988, A cladistic outline of the Eumycota, Cladistics 4: 227–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tehler, A., 1990, A new approach to the phylogeny of Euascomycetes with a cladistic outline of Arthoniales focussing on Roccellaceae, Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 2458–2492.Google Scholar
  28. Tehler, A., 1993a, Schismatomma and three new or reinstated genera, a reassessment of generic relationships in Arthoniales, Cryptogamic Botany 3: in press.Google Scholar
  29. Tehler, A., 1993b, The genus Schismatomma (Arthoniales, Euascornycetidae), Opera Botanica: in press.Google Scholar
  30. Tehler, A., 1993c, The genus Sigridea (Roccellaceae, Arthoniales, Euascomycetidae), Nova Hedwigia: in press.Google Scholar
  31. Tehler, A., 1994, Arthoniales phylogeny as indicated by morphological and rDNA sequence data. Cryptogamic Botany: in press.Google Scholar
  32. Watrous, L.E., and Q.D. Wheeler, 1981, The outgroup comparison method of character analysis, Systematic Zoology 30: 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Tehler
    • 1
  1. 1.Botaniska InstitutionenStockholms UniversitetStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations