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Characterization of Archaeological Volcanic Glass from Oceania

The Utility of Three Techniques
  • Marshall I. Weisler
  • David A. Clague
Part of the Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science book series (AAMS, volume 3)

Abstract

Distributional studies of archaeological volcanic glass play key roles in determining the scale, complexity, and duration of prehistoric social interaction between island societies in Oceania. Volcanic glass distributions have shed light on the spatial limits and antiquity of Melanesian exchange systems and on strategies necessary to colonize and sustain communities on isolated landfalls. The efficacy of three characterization techniques of Oceanic glasses are examined: macroscopic source assignment of a unique volcanic glass (ignimbrite) from the Pitcairn Group, southeast Polynesia; non-destructive energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) of Melanesian obsidian; and electron microprobe analysis of Hawaiian volcanic glass. Suggestions for facilitating volcanic glass studies in Oceania are offered.

Keywords

Volcanic Glass Tholeiitic Basalt Basaltic Glass Bishop Museum Alkalic Basalt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marshall I. Weisler
    • 1
  • David A. Clague
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.Monterey Bay Aquarium Research InstituteMoss LandingUSA

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