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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Molecular Virology, Management, Control, and New Therapeutic Approaches
  • A. Hossain
  • A. Al-Tuwaijri
  • C. Kurstak
  • E. Kurstak
Part of the Applied Virology Research book series (AVIR, volume 2)

Abstract

Since 1982 when the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first reported, at least 215,144 diagnosed cases of AIDS are presently known, with 120,069 cases reported from the North American continent and with 29,725, 40,519, 511, and 1,596 cases respectively from Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. Countrywise, the United States tops the list with 117,781 reported cases, followed by Brazil, France, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Italy, and Zaire with 9,555, 8,025, 7,375, 6,004, 5,627, 5,307, and 4,636 cases, respectively (WHO Wkly. Epidemiol. Rep. 2.02, 1990). AIDS is now known to occur worldwide (Brunet and Ancelle, 1985); the agent responsible has been isolated and determined to be a human retrovirus. The antigenic and molecular characteristics of the virus are indicative of its uniqueness among the human and animal retroviruses (Wong-Staal and Gallo, 1985). Its transmission is exclusively by sexual contact, prenatal transmission, or inoculation of infected blood/blood products, rather than casual contact (Friedland and Klein, 1987).

Keywords

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquire Immunodeficiency Syndrome Human Immunodeficiency Virus Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccine Viral Core Protein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Hossain
    • 1
  • A. Al-Tuwaijri
    • 1
  • C. Kurstak
    • 1
  • E. Kurstak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MontrealMontrealCanada

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