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The Development of New Poliovirus Vaccines Based on Molecular Cloning

  • Akio Nomoto
  • Michinori Kohara
  • Shusuke Kuge
  • Shinobu Abe
  • Bert L. Semler
  • Toshihiko Komatsu
  • Mineo Arita
  • Heihachi Itoh
Chapter
Part of the Applied Virology Research book series (AOTP, volume 1)

Abstract

Poliovirus, known since 1908 to be the causative agent of poliomyelitis (Paul, 1971), is a human enterovirus of the Picornaviridae. This virus consists of a single-stranded RNA of plus-strand polarity and 60 copies each of four capsid proteins, VP1, VP2, VP3, and VP4; it occurs in three serologically distinct types, i.e., type 1, type 2, and type 3.

Keywords

Vaccine Strain Marker Test Infectious cDNA Clone Reference Virus Paralytic Poliomyelitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akio Nomoto
    • 1
  • Michinori Kohara
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shusuke Kuge
    • 1
  • Shinobu Abe
    • 2
  • Bert L. Semler
    • 3
  • Toshihiko Komatsu
    • 4
  • Mineo Arita
    • 4
  • Heihachi Itoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TokyoHongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113Japan
  2. 2.Japan Poliomyelitis Research InstituteJapan
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, College of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  4. 4.Department of EnterovirusesNational Institute of HealthMusashimuryama, TokyoJapan

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