Ultra-Short Soliton Stability in Distributed Fiber Amplifiers with Different Pumping Configurations

  • Mário F. S. Ferreira


It is well known that optical solitons in optical fibers, which can be generated by balancing the negative group-velocity dispersion and self-phase modulation, are stable pulses1. The soliton is described by the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NSE), and the lowest-order solution is a hyperbolic-secant pulse, which does not change its waveform when it propagates. This inherent nature is quite useful for high-speed long-distance communication systems.


Stimulate Brillouin Scattering Fiber Amplifier Optical Soliton Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation Nonlinear Gain 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mário F. S. Ferreira
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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