Stimulated Synchrotron Radiation: The Free-Electron Laser
The free-electron laser is one of the most recent sources of coherent radiation. Its operation was first demonstrated at Stanford, by Madey and co-workers , using an electron beam from the Stanford linear superconducting accelerator; the laser wavelength in this experiment was 3.4 μm. Since then, free-electron lasers have been operated at Orsay (using a storage ring, at a laser wavelength tunable between 6350 and 6600 Å), Los Alamos (using a linear accelerator, at wavelengths between 9 and 11 μm) [3a], and the University of California at Santa Barbara (using a Van der Graaf electrostatic accelerator, at a wavelength of 380 μm) [3b]. (A list of proposed experiments may be found in ).
KeywordsStatic Magnetic Field Storage Ring Coherent Radiation Simple Pendulum Ponderomotive Potential
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